|Inhibition of hyaluronan synthesis reduced inflammatory response in mouse synovial fibroblasts subjected to collagen-induced arthritis.|
Giuseppe M Campo,Angela Avenoso,Angela D'Ascola,Vera Prestipino,Michele Scuruchi,Giancarlo Nastasi,Alberto Calatroni,Salvatore Campo
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics
Hyaluronan (HA) fragments are able to induce inflammation by stimulating both CD44 and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4). CD44 and TLR-4 activation stimulates the liberation of NF-kB and pro-inflammatory cytokine responses. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of hyaluronidase (HYAL) treatment, which depolymerises HA into small fragments, and of the addition of specific hyaluronan synthases-1, 2, and 3 small interference RNA (HASs siRNA), which silence HASs activity, on normal mouse synovial fibroblasts (NSF) and on rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASF) obtained from mice subjected to collagen induced arthritis (CIA). The addition of HYAL to NSF and/or RASF significantly increased the TLR-4, CD44 and NF-kB activity, as well as the pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-33 (IL-33) in both groups, but to a greater extent in RASF. The addition to NSF and/or RASF of the HASs siRNA, which block HASs activity and therefore the availability of HA substrate for HYAL, was able to reduce HYAL effects in both NSF and RASF. Finally, the HA evaluation confirmed the increment of HA at low molecular weight after HYAL treatment.