Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, M||WB||Rb||Purified||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-Numb p72/p71 Antibody|
|Application||This Anti-Numb p72/p71 Antibody is validated for use in WB for the detection of Numb p72/p71.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||2 years at -20°C from date of shipment|
|Material Size||200 µg|
|Anti-Numb p72/p71 - 20173||20173|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|Bub1-mediated adaptation of the spindle checkpoint.|
Goto GH, Mishra A, Abdulle R, Slaughter CA, Kitagawa K
PLoS Genet 7 e1001282. 2011
During cell division, the spindle checkpoint ensures accurate chromosome segregation by monitoring the kinetochore-microtubule interaction and delaying the onset of anaphase until each pair of sister chromosomes is properly attached to microtubules. The spindle checkpoint is deactivated as chromosomes start moving toward the spindles in anaphase, but the mechanisms by which this deactivation and adaptation to prolonged mitotic arrest occur remain obscure. Our results strongly suggest that Cdc28-mediated phosphorylation of Bub1 at T566 plays an important role for the degradation of Bub1 in anaphase, and the phosphorylation is required for adaptation of the spindle checkpoint to prolonged mitotic arrest.Full Text Article
|Image analysis algorithms for immunohistochemical assessment of cell death events and fibrosis in tissue sections.|
Maryla Krajewska, Layton H Smith, Juan Rong, Xianshu Huang, Marc L Hyer, Nikolajs Zeps, Barry Iacopetta, Steven P Linke, Allen H Olson, John C Reed, Stan Krajewski, M Krajewska, LH Smith, J Rong, X Huang, ML Hyer, N Zeps, B Iacopetta, SP Linke, AH Olson, JC Reed, S Krajewski
The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society 57 649-63 2009
Cell death is of broad physiological and pathological importance, making quantification of biochemical events associated with cell demise a high priority for experimental pathology. Fibrosis is a common consequence of tissue injury involving necrotic cell death. Using tissue specimens from experimental mouse models of traumatic brain injury, cardiac fibrosis, and cancer, as well as human tumor specimens assembled in tissue microarray (TMA) format, we undertook computer-assisted quantification of specific immunohistochemical and histological parameters that characterize processes associated with cell death. In this study, we demonstrated the utility of image analysis algorithms for color deconvolution, colocalization, and nuclear morphometry to characterize cell death events in tissue specimens: (a) subjected to immunostaining for detecting cleaved caspase-3, cleaved poly(ADP-ribose)-polymerase, cleaved lamin-A, phosphorylated histone H2AX, and Bcl-2; (b) analyzed by terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay to detect DNA fragmentation; and (c) evaluated with Masson's trichrome staining. We developed novel algorithm-based scoring methods and validated them using TMAs as a high-throughput format. The proposed computer-assisted scoring methods for digital images by brightfield microscopy permit linear quantification of immunohistochemical and histochemical stainings. Examples are provided of digital image analysis performed in automated or semiautomated fashion for successful quantification of molecular events associated with cell death in tissue sections.Full Text Article
|Generating neuronal diversity in the Drosophila central nervous system: a view from the ganglion mother cells.|
Karcavich, Rachel E
Dev. Dyn., 232: 609-16 (2005) 2005
The generation of cellular diversity in the developing embryonic central nervous system of Drosophila melanogaster requires the precise orchestration of several convergent molecular and cellular mechanisms. Most reviews have focused on the formation and specification of neuroblasts (NBs), the putative neural stem cell in the Drosophila central nervous system. NBs divide asymmetrically to regenerate themselves and produce a secondary precursor cell called a ganglion mother cell (GMC), which divides to produce neurons and glia. Historically, our understanding of GMC specification has arisen from work involving asymmetric localization of intrinsic factors in the NB and GMC. However, recent information on NB lineages has revealed additional intrinsic factors that specify general and specific GMC fates. This review addresses what has been revealed about these intrinsic cues with regard to GMC specification. For example, Prospero, an asymmetrically localized determinant, plays a general role to enable GMC development and to distinguish GMCs from NBs. In contrast, the temporal gene cascade functions within NB lineages to ensure that each GMC in a lineage acquires a different fate. Two different mechanisms used to make the progeny of GMCs different will also be discussed. One is a generic mechanism, regulated by Notch and Numb, that allows sibling cells to adopt different fates. The other mechanism involves genes, such as even-skipped and klumpfuss that specify the fate of individual GMCs. All of these mechanisms converge within a GMC to bestow upon it a unique fate.
|Asymmetric cell division.|
Roegiers, Fabrice and Jan, Yuh Nung
Curr. Opin. Cell Biol., 16: 195-205 (2004) 2004
Asymmetric cell division is a conserved mechanism for partitioning information during mitosis. Over the past several years, significant progress has been made in our understanding of how cells establish polarity during asymmetric cell division and how determinants, in the form of localized proteins and mRNAs, are segregated. In particular, genetic studies in Drosophila and Caenorhabditis elegans have linked cell polarity, G protein signaling and regulation of the cytoskeleton to coordination of mitotic spindle orientation and localization of determinants. Also, several new studies have furthered our understanding of how asymmetrically localized cell fate determinants, such as the Numb, a negative regulator Notch signaling, functions in biasing cell fates in the developing nervous system in Drosophila. In vertebrates, analysis of dividing neural progenitor cells by in vivo imaging has raised questions about the role of asymmetric cell divisions during neurogenesis.
|Numb and Numblike control cell number during vertebrate neurogenesis.|
Johnson, Jane E
Trends Neurosci., 26: 395-6 (2003) 2003
A fundamental problem in nervous system development is how to control progenitor-cell divisions to generate the correct number of cells for the mature brain and spinal cord. A recent report by Petersen and colleagues has identified an essential role for Numb and a related protein, Numblike, in this process. This study demonstrates that Numb and Numblike function to maintain the self-renewal properties of neural progenitor cells in the vertebrate neural tube.
|Neurons from radial glia: the consequences of asymmetric inheritance.|
Fishell, Gord and Kriegstein, Arnold R
Curr. Opin. Neurobiol., 13: 34-41 (2003) 2003
Recent work suggests that radial glial cells represent many, if not most, of the neuronal progenitors in the developing cortex. Asymmetric cell division of radial glia results in the self-renewal of the radial glial cell and the birth of a neuron. Among the proteins that direct cell fate in Drosophila melanogaster that have known mammalian homologs, Numb is the best candidate to have a similar function in radial glia. During asymmetric divisions of radial glial cells, the basal cell may inherit the radial glial fibre, while the apical cell sequesters the majority of the Numb protein. We suggest two models that make opposite predictions as to whether the radial glia or nascent neuron inherit the radial glial fiber or the majority of the Numb protein.
|Characterization of four mammalian numb protein isoforms. Identification of cytoplasmic and membrane-associated variants of the phosphotyrosine binding domain.|
Dho, S E, et al.
J. Biol. Chem., 274: 33097-104 (1999) 1999
Numb is a membrane-associated, phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domain-containing protein that functions as an intrinsic determinant of cell fate during Drosophila development. We have identified four isoforms of mammalian Numb with predicted molecular masses of 65, 66, 71, and 72 kDa that are generated by alternative splicing of the Numb mRNA. The different isoforms result from the presence of two sequence inserts within the PTB domain and the central region of the protein. The endogenous expression pattern of these isoforms, examined using specific antisera, varied in different tissues and cell lines. In addition, differentiation of P19 cells with retinoic acid leads to the specific loss of expression of the 71- and 72-kDa Numb proteins, suggesting that the expression of certain forms of Numb protein is regulated in a cell type-specific manner. Expression of Numb proteins fused to green fluorescent protein revealed that the form of the PTB domain with the alternatively spliced insert constitutively associated with the plasma membrane in polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. In contrast, the isoform without the insert was cytoplasmic, suggesting that different PTB domain isoforms may regulate the subcellular localization of Numb proteins. The membrane localization may be due, in part, to differential affinity for acidic phospholipids. The distinct expression and localization patterns of the different mammalian Numb isoforms suggest that they have distinct functional properties.