Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H||IP, WB, IH(P)||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-Caspase 3 Antibody, large subunit & proform, clone 3CSP03|
|Presentation||Liquid in 10 mM PBS, pH 7.4, with 0.2% BSA and 15 mM sodium azide.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C in undiluted aliquots for up to 12 months.|
|Material Size||50 µg|
Anti-Caspase 3 Antibody, large subunit & proform, clone 3CSP03 SDS
|MOUSE ANTI-CASPASE-3 [CPP32] - 3526326||3526326|
|MOUSE ANTI-CASPASE-3 [CPP32] MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY - 2386958||2386958|
|Reference overview||Application||Pub Med ID|
|Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus microRNAs target caspase 3 and regulate apoptosis.|
Suffert, G; Malterer, G; Hausser, J; Viiliäinen, J; Fender, A; Contrant, M; Ivacevic, T; Benes, V; Gros, F; Voinnet, O; Zavolan, M; Ojala, PM; Haas, JG; Pfeffer, S
PLoS pathogens 7 e1002405 2011
Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) encodes a cluster of twelve micro (mi)RNAs, which are abundantly expressed during both latent and lytic infection. Previous studies reported that KSHV is able to inhibit apoptosis during latent infection; we thus tested the involvement of viral miRNAs in this process. We found that both HEK293 epithelial cells and DG75 cells stably expressing KSHV miRNAs were protected from apoptosis. Potential cellular targets that were significantly down-regulated upon KSHV miRNAs expression were identified by microarray profiling. Among them, we validated by luciferase reporter assays, quantitative PCR and western blotting caspase 3 (Casp3), a critical factor for the control of apoptosis. Using site-directed mutagenesis, we found that three KSHV miRNAs, miR-K12-1, 3 and 4-3p, were responsible for the targeting of Casp3. Specific inhibition of these miRNAs in KSHV-infected cells resulted in increased expression levels of endogenous Casp3 and enhanced apoptosis. Altogether, our results suggest that KSHV miRNAs directly participate in the previously reported inhibition of apoptosis by the virus, and are thus likely to play a role in KSHV-induced oncogenesis.
|Characterization of the interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme/ced-3-family protease, caspase-3/CPP32, in Hodgkin's disease: lack of caspase-3 expression in nodular lymphocyte predominance Hodgkin's disease.|
Izban, K F, et al.
Am. J. Pathol., 154: 1439-47 (1999) 1999
Apoptosis (programmed cell death) serves an important role in the normal morphogenesis, immunoregulation, and homeostatic mechanisms in both normal and neoplastic cells. Caspase-3/CPP32, a member of the ICE/Ced-3-family of cysteine proteases, is an important downstream mediator of several complex proteolytic cascades that result in apoptosis in both hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic cells. Previous studies have demonstrated that caspase-3 is commonly expressed in classical Hodgkin's disease (CHD); however, the biological significance of its expression in Hodgkin's disease is unknown. In this report, the expression of caspase-3 in nodular lymphocyte predominance Hodgkin's disease (NLPHD) was evaluated by immunohistochemistry; in addition, we investigated the role of caspase-3 in CD95 (Fas)-mediated apoptosis in three CHD cell lines. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections from 11 cases of NLPHD were immunostained for caspase-3 using a polyclonal rabbit antibody that detects both the 32-kd zymogen and the 20-kd active subunit of the caspase-3 protease. Only 1/11 cases of NLPHD demonstrated caspase-3 immunopositivity in lymphocytic/histiocytic cells. Caspase-3 expression was also evaluated in three CHD cell lines, HS445, L428, and KMH2. Whereas caspase-3 expression was detected in HS445 and L428 cell lines, no expression was found in KMH2 cells by immunohistochemical staining. Treatment of HS445 and L428 cell lines for 72 hours with agonistic CD95 monoclonal antibody induced marked apoptosis that was significantly inhibited by pretreatment with the caspase-3 inhibitor, DEVD-FMK, as determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling assay and flow cytometric analysis of 7-amino-actinomycin D staining. In addition, a significant increase in caspase-3 activity as determined by an enzyme colorimetric assay was detected in HS445 and L428 cells after 48 hours of CD95 stimulation. In marked contrast, treatment of caspase-3-deficient KMH2 cells with anti-CD95 mAb did not demonstrate an increase in caspase-3 activity or induce apoptosis. These data demonstrate caspase-3 is important for CD95-mediated apoptosis in CHD cell lines. In addition, the majority of NLPHD cases examined in this study failed to express detectable levels of caspase-3, suggesting these tumor cells may be resistant to apoptotic stimuli dependent on caspase-3 activity. Furthermore, these data suggest the differential expression of caspase-3 noted between NLPHD and CHD may provide additional evidence that each is a unique disease entity.
|Inverse correlation between apoptotic (Fas ligand, caspase-3) and angiogenic factors (VEGF, microvessel density) in squamous cell lung carcinomas.|
Volm, M, et al.
Anticancer Res., 19: 1669-71 (1999) 1999
In order to explore whether apoptosis is associated with angiogenesis in lung cancer, immunohistochemistry was employed to determine the pro-apoptotic factors Fas ligand (FasL) and caspase-3 (Cas-3) in 70 squamous cell lung carcinomas. Furthermore, the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the microvessel density (MVD) were analyzed. The comparison between MVD and the pro-apoptotic factors demonstrated that the apoptotic factors are inversely related to MVD (Cas-3: p = 0.011, FasL: not significant). In order to confirm this result, FasL and Cas-3 were also compared with the expression of VEGF. Again, an inverse correlation between VEGF and the pro-apoptotic factors was found (Cas-3: p = 0.019, FasL: p = 0.008). The inverse correlation between angiogenesis and apoptosis may be explained by the activation of pro-apoptotic and anti-angiogenic factors caused by hypoxia.
|Expression of caspases 3, 6 and 8 is increased in parallel with apoptosis and histological aggressiveness of the breast lesion.|
Vakkala, M, et al.
Br. J. Cancer, 81: 592-9 (1999) 1999
The aim of this investigation was to study the expression of caspases 3, 6 and 8 and their association to apoptosis in preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions of the breast. The material consisted of nine benign breast epithelial hyperplasias, 15 atypical hyperplasias, 74 in situ and 82 invasive carcinomas. The extent of apoptosis was assessed by the TUNEL method and caspase 3, 6 and 8 expression by immunohistochemistry with specific antibodies. Increased caspase 3 immunopositivity, as compared to staining of normal breast ductal epithelium, was seen in 22% of benign epithelial hyperplasias, 25% of atypical hyperplasias, 58% of in situ carcinomas and 90% of invasive carcinomas. The corresponding percentages for caspase 6 and 8 were 11%, 25%, 60%, 87% and 22%, 57%, 84%, 83% respectively. In high-grade in situ lesions there were significantly more cases with strong caspase 3, 6 and 8 immunoreactivity than in low- and intermediate-grade lesions (P = 0.0045, P = 0.049 and P = 0.0001 respectively). In invasive carcinomas, however, no association between a high tumour grade and caspase 3, 6 or 8 expression was found (P = 0.27, P = 0.26 and P = 0.69 respectively). The mean apoptotic index was 0.14 +/- 0.14% in benign epithelial hyperplasias, 0.17 +/- 0.12% in atypical hyperplasias, 0.61 +/- 0.88% in in situ carcinomas and 0.94 +/- 1.21% in invasive carcinomas. In all cases strong caspase 3, 6 and 8 positivity was significantly associated with the extent of apoptosis (P < 0.001, P = 0.015 and P = 0.050 respectively). The results show that synthesis of caspases 3, 6 and 8 is up-regulated in neoplastic breast epithelial cells in parallel to the increase in the apoptotic index and progression of the breast lesions.
|Apoptotic index and apoptosis influencing proteins bcl-2, mcl-1, bax and caspases 3, 6 and 8 in pancreatic carcinoma.|
Virkajärvi, N, et al.
Histopathology, 33: 432-9 (1998) 1998
AIMS: To study the expression of bcl-2, bax and mcl-1 and caspases 3, 6 and 8 and apoptosis in pancreatic carcinoma. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-seven pancreatic carcinomas were studied immunohistochemically with antibodies to bcl-2, mcl-1, bax and caspases 3, 6 and 8. Apoptosis was detected by the TUNEL method. bcl-2 and mcl-1 positivity was observed in 13% and 86% of the cases, while bax was observed in all of them. The bax immunoreactivity was weak in 30% of the tumours. Caspase 3, 6 and 8 immunoreactivity was observed in 80%, 80% and 74% of the cases, respectively. The staining was mainly cytoplasmic and diffuse, but sometimes also fragmented granular (mainly caspase 6) or membrane-associated (mainly caspase 8) staining was seen. The mean apoptotic index in pancreatic carcinomas was 0.69%. The apoptotic index in bcl-2 positive cases was lower (0.35%) than in cases showing no immunoreactivity (0.64%) (P = 0.013). The apoptotic index was higher in tumours with strong bax immunoreactivity (0.70%) than in the other cases (0.34%) (P = 0.002). There was no significant association between the apoptotic index and the expression of mcl-1 or caspases 3, 6 and 8. CONCLUSIONS: Both bcl-2 and bax influence the extent of apoptosis in pancreatic carcinoma. The strong expression of caspases 3, 6 and 8 in pancreatic carcinoma is evidence of the activation of the apoptotic machinery in malignant cells in pancreatic carcinoma and shows that the genes of these proteins are often upregulated in them.
|In situ immunodetection of activated caspase-3 in apoptotic neurons in the developing nervous system.|
Srinivasan, A, et al.
Cell Death Differ., 5: 1004-16 (1998) 1998
Activation of caspase-3 requires proteolytic processing of the inactive zymogen into p18 and p12 subunits. We generated a rabbit polyclonal antiserum, CM1, which recognizes the p18 subunit of cleaved caspase-3 but not the zymogen. CM1 demonstrated an apparent specificity for activated caspase-3 by specifically immunolabelling only apoptotic but not necrotic cortical neurons in vitro. In the embryonic mouse nervous system, CM1 immunoreactivity was detected in neurons undergoing programmed cell death and was markedly increased in Bcl-xL-deficient embryos and decreased in Bax-deficient embryos. CM1 immunoreactivity was absent in the nervous system of caspase-3-deficient mouse embryos and in neurons cultured from caspase-3-deficient mice. Along with neuronal somata, extensive neuritic staining was seen in apoptotic neurons. These studies indicate that caspase-3 is activated during apoptosis in the developing nervous system in vivo and that CM1 is a useful reagent for its in situ detection.
|Colocalization of CPP-32 with apoptotic cells in human atherosclerotic plaques.|
Mallat, Z, et al.
Circulation, 96: 424-8 (1997) 1997
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis that has been reported in human atherosclerosis may contribute to the remodeling of atherosclerotic plaques. The identification of specific markers for apoptosis in these plaques would permit the development of specific therapeutic strategies to limit their progression. Cysteine protease CPP-32 is essential for apoptotic death in mammalian cells and appears to be an attractive candidate. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 12 atherosclerotic plaques from 12 patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy. Apoptosis was analyzed by in situ end labeling of fragmented DNA (TUNEL method) and corroborated by the presence of DNA fragmentation in agarose gel electrophoresis. CPP-32 was detected with the use of a specific monoclonal antibody, and its expression was compared with that of interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme (ICE). We showed that CPP-32 was highly expressed in 10 of 12 atherosclerotic plaques and that it colocalized with apoptotic cells. Expression of ICE generally paralleled that of CPP-32, but ICE was also detected in plaques negative for CPP-32 and showing no apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: CPP-32 is highly expressed within human atherosclerotic plaques and is closely related to apoptosis. This finding suggests that CPP-32 may be the ICE-like enzyme responsible for apoptosis in human atherosclerosis and opens new perspectives for the development of therapeutic strategies to alter the progression of this disease.
|Immunohistochemical analysis of in vivo patterns of expression of CPP32 (Caspase-3), a cell death protease.|
Krajewska, M, et al.
Cancer Res., 57: 1605-13 (1997) 1997
The in vivo patterns of CPP32 (Caspase-3) gene expression were determined using an immunohistochemical approach and paraffin-embedded normal human tissues. A rabbit polyclonal antiserum was generated against recombinant human CPP32 protein and shown to be specific by immunoblot analysis of various human tissues and cell lines. CPP32 immunoreactivity was selectively found in certain cell types and was typically present within the cytosol, although occasional cells also contained nuclear immunostaining. CPP32 immunostaining was easily detected, for example, in epidermal keratinocyes, cartilage chondrocytes, bone osteocytes, heart myocardiocytes, vascular smooth muscle cells, bronchial epithelium, hepatocytes, thymocytes, plasma cells, renal tubule epithelium, spermatogonia, prostatic secretory epithelial cells, uterine endometrium and myometrium, mammary ductal epithelial cells, and the gastrointestinal epithelium of the stomach, intestine, and colon. In contrast, little or no CPP32 immunoreactivity was observed in endothelial cells, alveolar pneumocytes, kidney glomeruli, mammary myoepithelial cells, Schwann cells, and most types of brain and spinal cord neurons. Consistent with a role for CPP32 in apoptotic cell death, clear differences in the relative intensity of CPP32 immunostaining were noted in some shorter-lived types of cells compared to longer-lived, including (a) germinal center (high) versus mantle zone (low) B lymphocytes within the secondary follicles of lymph nodes, spleen, and tonsils; (b) mature neutrophils (high) versus myeloid progenitor cells (low) in bone marrow; (c) corpus luteal cells (high) versus follicular granulosa cells (low) in the ovary; and (d) prostate secretory epithelial cells (high) versus basal cells (low). These findings establish for the first time the cell type- and differentiation-specific patterns of expression of an interleukin-1beta converting enzyme/CED-3 (Caspase) family protease.
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