Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, R||IHC||Rb||Serum||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-Capsaicin Receptor Antibody, CT|
|Presentation||Serum. Lyophilized. Contains no preservative. Reconstitute with 50 μL of sterile distilled water. Centrifuge if necessary to remove any residue.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain lyophilized material at -20°C to -70°C for up to 6 months. After reconstitution maintain frozen at -20°C in undiluted aliquots for up to 6 months. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.|
|Material Size||50 µL|
Anti-Capsaicin Receptor Antibody, CT SDS
|Reference overview||Application||Species||Pub Med ID|
|Capsaicin-induced vasodilatation in human nasal vasculature is mediated by modulation of cyclooxygenase-2 activity and abrogated by sulprostone.|
Koen Van Crombruggen,L Van Nassauw,L Derycke,J-P Timmermans,G Holtappels,D Hall,C Bachert
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology 383 2011
Extensively based on evidence gained from experimental animal models, the transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor type 1 (TRPV1)-activator capsaicin is regarded as a valuable tool in the research on neurogenic inflammation. Although capsaicin-related drugs gained renewed interest as a therapeutic tool, there is also controversy as whether neurogenic inflammation actually takes place in humans. In this study, we verified the involvement of capsaicin in vascular responses that are regarded to be implicated in the cascade of neurogenic inflammatory mechanisms. By means of ex vivo functional experiments on human nasal mucosal vascular beds, the effect and mechanism of action of capsaicin was assessed in the absence and presence of various agents that interfere with potentially related transduction pathways. Ten micromolars of capsaicin induced vasodilatations that were reduced by the selective EP(1) prostanoid receptor antagonist SC19220 (10 μM) and almost abolished by the selective COX-2 inhibitor NS398 (1 μM) and the EP(1/3) receptor agonist sulprostone (0.1-10 nM), but not affected by the TRPV1-antagonists capsazepine (5 μM), the neurokinin NK(1) receptor antagonist GR20517A (1 μM), and the calcitonin-gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist CGRP8-37 (100 nM). Spontaneously released PGE(2) and PGD(2) levels were significantly reduced in the presence of capsaicin. In conclusion, capsaicin-at concentrations clinically applied or under investigation for diverse disease backgrounds-induces a vasodilatory response in human nasal mucosa via a mechanism involving TRPV1-independent reduction of PGE(2) production by modulation of COX-2 enzymatic activity. These vasodilatations can be suppressed by the EP(1/3) receptor agonist sulprostone at subnanomolar concentrations.
|Parvalbumin and TRPV1 receptor expression in dorsal root ganglion neurons after acute peripheral inflammation.|
G Zacharová, J Palecek, G Zacharová, J Palecek, G Zacharová, J Palecek
Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca 58 305-9 2009
Expression of parvalbumin (PV) and transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV1) receptors in the lumbar dorsal root ganglion neurons (DRG) was evaluated in control animals and in rats after acute carageenan-induced knee joint inflammation. PV is a calcium binding protein that acts as a calcium buffer, affects intracellular calcium homeostasis and may thus influence signal transduction and synaptic transmission. TRPV1 receptors are viewed as molecular integrators of nociceptive stimuli and modulate spinal cord synaptic transmission beside their function in the peripheral nerve endings. In naive rats, 13 % of the L4 DRG neurons had PV immunopositivity (PV+) and 36 % expressed TRPV1 receptors (TRPV1+). The soma of the PV+ neurons was of medium to large size, while the TRPV1 receptors were expressed in small diameter neurons. The co-localization of the PV and TRPV1 immunoreactivity was minimal (0.2 %). There was no significant change in the PV+ (11 %), TRPV1+ (42 %) and PV+TRPV1+ (0.25 %) expression, or shift in the neuronal size distribution 28 h after the unilateral peripheral inflammation, both when compared to controls and when ipsilateral to contralateral sides were evaluated. Thus under the given experimental conditions, no change in somatic TRPV1 receptors and PV expression in L4 DRG neurons was found.
|TRPV1 receptor signaling mediates afferent nerve sensitization during colitis-induced motility disorders in rats.|
De Schepper, HU; De Man, JG; Ruyssers, NE; Deiteren, A; Van Nassauw, L; Timmermans, JP; Martinet, W; Herman, AG; Pelckmans, PA; De Winter, BY
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology 294 G245-53 2008
Rats with experimental colitis suffer from impaired gastric emptying (GE). We previously showed that this phenomenon involves afferent neurons within the pelvic nerve. In this study, we aimed to identify the mediators involved in this afferent hyperactivation. Colitis was induced by trinitrobenzene sulfate (TNBS) instillation. We determined GE, distal front, and geometric center (GC) of intestinal transit 30 min after intragastric administration of a semiliquid Evans blue solution. We evaluated the effects of the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) antagonists capsazepine (5-10 mg/kg) and N-(4-tertiarybutylphenyl)-4-(3-cholorphyridin-2-yl)tetrahydropyrazine-1(2H)carboxamide (BCTC; 1-10 mg/kg) and the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist CGRP-(8-37) (150 microg/kg). To determine TRPV1 receptor antagonist sensitivity, we examined their effect on capsaicin-induced relaxations of isolated gastric fundus muscle strips. Immunocytochemical staining of TRPV1 and RT-PCR analysis of TRPV1 mRNA were performed in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) L6-S1. TNBS-induced colitis reduced GE but had no effect on intestinal motility. Capsazepine reduced GE in controls but had no effect in rats with colitis. At doses that had no effects in controls, BCTC and CGRP-(8-37) significantly improved colitis-induced gastroparesis. Capsazepine inhibited capsaicin-induced relaxations by 35% whereas BCTC completely abolished them. TNBS-induced colitis increased TRPV1-like immunoreactivity and TRPV1 mRNA content in pelvic afferent neuronal cell bodies in DRG L6-S1. In conclusion, distal colitis in rats impairs GE via sensitized pelvic afferent neurons. We provided pharmacological, immunocytochemical, and molecular biological evidence that this sensitization is mediated by TRPV1 receptors and involves CGRP release.
|TRPV1 receptors on unmyelinated C-fibres mediate colitis-induced sensitization of pelvic afferent nerve fibres in rats.|
De Schepper, HU; De Winter, BY; Van Nassauw, L; Timmermans, JP; Herman, AG; Pelckmans, PA; De Man, JG
The Journal of physiology 586 5247-58 2008
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease often suffer from gastrointestinal motility and sensitivity disorders. The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of transient receptor potential of the vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) receptors in the pathophysiology of colitis-induced pelvic afferent nerve sensitization. Trinitrobenzene sulphate (TNBS) colitis (7.5 mg, 30% ethanol) was induced in Wistar rats 72 h prior to the experiment. Single-fibre recordings were made from pelvic nerve afferents in the decentralized S1 dorsal root. Fibres responding to colorectal distension (CRD) were identified in controls and rats with TNBS colitis. The effect of the TRPV1 antagonist N-(4-tertiarybutylphenyl)-4-(3-chlorophyridin-2-yl)tetrahydropyrazine-1(2H)carboxamide (BCTC; 0.25-5 mg kg(-1)) or its vehicle (hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin) was tested on the afferent response to repetitive distensions (60 mmHg). Immunocytochemical staining of TRPV1 and NF200, a marker for A-fibre neurons, was performed in the dorsal root ganglia L6-S1. TNBS colitis significantly increased the response to colorectal distension of pelvic afferent C-fibres. BCTC did not significantly affect the C-fibre response in controls, but normalized the sensitized response in rats with colitis. TNBS colitis increased the spontaneous activity of C-fibres, an effect which was insensitive to administration of BCTC. TNBS colitis had no effect on Adelta-fibres, nor was their activity modulated by BCTC. TNBS colitis caused an immunocytochemical up-regulation of TRPV1 receptors in the cell bodies of pelvic afferent NF200 negative neurons. TRPV1 signalling mediates the colitis-induced sensitization of pelvic afferent C-fibres to CRD, while Adelta-fibres are neither sensitized by colitis nor affected by TRPV1 inhibition.Full Text Article
|Expression and distribution of vannilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) in the adult rat brain|
Toth, A. et al.
Molecular Brain Research, 135:162-168 (2005) 2005
|Immunoblotting (Western), Immunohistochemistry (Tissue)||Rat||15857679|
|Distribution and function of the cannabinoid-1 receptor in the modulation of ion transport in the guinea pig ileum: relationship to capsaicin-sensitive nerves.|
Wallace K MacNaughton, Marja D Van Sickle, Catherine M Keenan, Kelly Cushing, Ken Mackie, Keith A Sharkey
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology 286 G863-71 2004
We investigated the distribution and function of cannabinoid (CB)(1) receptors in the submucosal plexus of the guinea pig ileum. CB(1) receptors were found on both types of submucosal secretomotor neurons, colocalizing with VIP and neuropeptide Y (NPY), the noncholinergic and cholinergic secretomotor neurons, respectively. CB(1) receptors colocalized with transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 receptors on paravascular nerves and fibers in the submucosal plexus. In the submucosal ganglia, these nerves were preferentially localized at the periphery of the ganglia. In denervated ileal segments, CB(1) receptor immunoreactivity in submucosal neurons was not modified, but paravascular and intraganglionic fiber staining was absent. Short-circuit current (I(sc)) was measured as an indicator of net electrogenic ion transport in Ussing chambers. In the ion-transport studies, I(sc) responses to capsaicin, which activates extrinsic primary afferents, and to electrical field stimulation (EFS) were reduced by pretreatment with the muscarinic antagonist atropine, abolished by tetrodotoxin, but were unaffected by VIP receptor desensitization, hexamethonium, alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methlisoxazole-4-proprionic acid, or N-methyl-d-aspartate glutamate receptor antagonists. The responses to capsaicin and EFS were reduced by 47 +/- 12 and 30 +/- 14%, respectively, by the CB(1) receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2. This inhibitory effect was blocked by the CB(1) receptor antagonist, SR 141716A. I(sc) responses to forskolin or carbachol, which act directly on the epithelium, were not affected by WIN 55,212-2. The inhibitory effect of WIN 55,212-2 on EFS-evoked secretion was not observed in extrinsically denervated segments of ileum. Taken together, these data show cannabinoids act at CB(1) receptors on extrinsic primary afferent nerves, inhibiting the release of transmitters that act on cholinergic secretomotor pathways.
|RABBIT ANTI-CAPSAICIN RECEPTOR (VANILLOID RECEPTOR 1, VR1) POLYCLONAL ANTIBODY|