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615700 Total Antioxidant Status Assay Kit

615700
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      Description
      OverviewA colorimetric assay kit for the measurement of the total antioxidant status. Each kit is suitable for performing a minimum of 50 assays.
      Note: Spectrophotometer equipped with a temperature-controlled cuvette holder is strongly recommended for use with this kit.
      Catalogue Number615700
      Brand Family Calbiochem®
      Application Data

      Materials Required but Not Delivered Spectrophotometer or automated analyzer capable of measuring absorbance at 600 nm. A temperature controlled cuvette holder is highly recommended.
      Cuvettes with 1-cm path length
      References
      ReferencesMiller, N.J., et al. 1993. Clin. Science 84, 407.
      Product Information
      Detection methodColorimetric
      Form50 Tests
      FormatCuvette
      Kit containsSubstrate, Chromogen, Standard, Buffer, and a user protocol.
      Quality LevelMQ100
      Applications
      Biological Information
      Assay range0-25 nmol/10 µl plasma
      Sample TypeSerum, plasma, tissue extracts, plant extracts, beverages
      Physicochemical Information
      Dimensions
      Materials Information
      Toxicological Information
      Safety Information according to GHS
      Safety Information
      Product Usage Statements
      Intended useThe Calbiochem® Total Antioxidant Status Assay Kit is designed to assay antioxidant levels in serum or plasma samples. Additionally, the assay may be used to measure the antioxidant potential of (suitably solubilized) food and drug samples.
      Storage and Shipping Information
      Ship Code Ambient Temperature Only
      Toxicity Standard Handling
      Storage +2°C to +8°C
      Storage ConditionsUpon arrival store the entire kit contents at 4°C. Note: The concentration of the standard is lot-specific. Please refer to the vial label for lot-specific concentration.
      Do not freeze Ok to freeze
      Packaging Information
      Transport Information
      Supplemental Information
      Kit containsSubstrate, Chromogen, Standard, Buffer, and a user protocol.
      Specifications

      Documentation

      Total Antioxidant Status Assay Kit SDS

      Title

      Safety Data Sheet (SDS) 

      Total Antioxidant Status Assay Kit Certificates of Analysis

      TitleLot Number
      615700

      References

      Reference overview
      Miller, N.J., et al. 1993. Clin. Science 84, 407.
      User Protocol

      Revision08-October-2010 RFH
      Form50 Tests
      FormatCuvette
      Detection methodColorimetric
      StorageUpon arrival store the entire kit contents at 4°C. Note: The concentration of the standard is lot-specific. Please refer to the vial label for lot-specific concentration.
      Intended useThe Calbiochem® Total Antioxidant Status Assay Kit is designed to assay antioxidant levels in serum or plasma samples. Additionally, the assay may be used to measure the antioxidant potential of (suitably solubilized) food and drug samples.
      BackgroundFree radicals are highly reactive molecules generated by the biochemical redox reactions that occur as part of normal cell metabolism, and by exposure to environmental factors such as UV light, cigarette smoke, environmental pollutants and gamma radiation. Once formed, free radicals attack cell structures in the body. As a result, free radicals have been implicated in numerous diseases, including cancer, atherosclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, liver damage, and central nervous system disorders.
      Principles of the assayThe Total Antioxidant Status Kit is dependent on antioxidants in the sample inhibiting the oxidation of ABTS™ (2,2'-Azino-di-[3-ethylbenz-thiazoline sulphonate]) substrate to ABTS™+ product by metmyoglobin (a peroxidase). The amount of ABTS™+ product can be monitored by reading the absorbance at 600 nm. Under the reaction conditions used, the antioxidants in the sample cause suppression of the absorbance at 600 nm to a degree that is proportional to their concentration.


      Figure 1: Principle of the Assay

      Materials provided• Buffer (Kit Component No. KP1001): 1 bottle, 100 ml, Phosphate Buffered Saline
      • Chromogen (Kit Component No. KP1002): 5 vials, 10 ml each, Metmyoglobin and ABTS™
      • Substrate (Kit Component No. KP1003): 2 vials, 5 ml each, stabilized H₂O₂
      • Standard (Kit Component No. KP1004): 5 vials, 1 ml each, 6-Hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid*
      *The concentration of the standard is lot specific. Please consult the vial label for the concentration.
      Materials Required but not provided Spectrophotometer or automated analyzer capable of measuring absorbance at 600 nm. A temperature controlled cuvette holder is highly recommended.
      Cuvettes with 1-cm path length
      Precautions and recommendations All pipettes should be thoroughly cleaned before use. Water used in the assay must be as pure as possible, the minimum standard being double-deionized water.
      Ensure that all pipettes have been accurately calibrated and are dispensing the correct volume.
      Ensure that all glassware and disposables are free from contamination, especially from hypochlorite and detergents.
      Check the temperature of the equipment being used for incubation of the samples.
      Time the reaction carefully. The absorbance changes very rapidly, and any delay in taking the reading can lead to a substantial error.
      Ensure that there has been no loss of standard material upon opening the vial. The standard is supplied in lyophilized form, and the vials are, therefore, under vacuum. The stopper must be removed slowly to allow air to enter the vial gradually; otherwise there is a risk that material will be lost. In addition, before the stopper is fully removed, the bottle should be sharply tapped on the bench several times to dislodge any material adhering to the stopper. The stopper should then be removed and placed flat side down on the bench while the appropriate volume is dispensed into the vial for reconstitution. The stopper should then be replaced and the contents mixed, ensuring that the liquid comes into contact with the stopper, so that any material adhering to the stopper is dissolved.
      Reagent preparation Chromogen: Add 10 ml Buffer to each vial of Chromogen needed for the assay (10 tests per vial). After reconstitution, the Chromogen is stable for 2 days at 4°C or 8 h at room temperature.
      Substrate: Dilute each vial of Substrate needed for the assay by adding 7.5 ml Buffer. After dilution, the substrate is stable for 24 h at 4°C. NOTE: Some automated methods do not require substrate dilution.
      Standard: Add 1 ml distilled water to each vial of Standard needed for the assay. After reconstitution, the Standard is stable for 2 days at 4°C or 1 month at -20°C.
      Detailed protocol1. Zero the spectrophotometer at 600 nm against air and set temperature to 37°C. Equilibrate the diluted Substrate and Chromogen at 37°C for 5 min just prior to use. NOTE: It is advisable to equilibrate only the amount of each reagent necessary for the assays to be performed. A temperature of 37°C must be maintained throughout the assay.
      2. Add the following to a cuvette:

      Table 1: Addition of Reagents


      3. Mix well and read the initial absorbance (Ao)
      4. Add 200 µl diluted Substrate to each cuvette. Mix and start the timer simultaneously.
      5. Read the absorbance after exactly 3 min (A)
      CalculationsCalculation of Total Antioxidant Status The antioxidant concentration of the Standard is used to calculate the antioxidant levels in the samples.

      1. Determine the ΔA for the samples, standard, and blank. ΔA = A - Ao
      2. Calculate the concentration of antioxidants in the sample using the formula below:

      Figure 2: Antioxidant Concentration Formula


      NOTE: If the antioxidant concentration is greater than 2.5 mM dilute the sample with 0.9% NaCl and re-assay. Typical antioxidant levels in normal human plasma are 1.30-1.77 mM.
      Sensitivity NotesTypically serum or plasma samples of 20 µl are sufficient when using the manual method. Samples of 5 µl are typically sufficient when using an automated analyzer. The assay is linear for antioxidant levels less than 2.5 mM.
      Assay Range0-25 nmol/10 µl plasma
      PrecisionIntra-assay coefficient of variation = 1.2% (mean = 1.37 mM; n = 20)
      Inter-assay coefficient of variation = 2.4% (mean = 1.35 mM; n = 18).
      Registered TrademarksCalbiochem® is a registered trademark of EMD Chemicals, Inc.
      Interactive Pathways™ is a trademark of EMD Chemicals, Inc.
      ABTS™ is a trademark of Roche Diagnostics