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48-614MAG MILLIPLEX MAP TGFβ Signaling Pathway Magnetic Bead 6-Plex - Cell Signaling Multiplex Assay

48-614MAG
96-well plate  96-well plate
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      Overview

      Replacement Information

      Key Specifications Table

      Analytes AvailableSpecies ReactivityKey ApplicationsDetection Methods
      Akt (Ser473) ERK (Thr185/Tyr187) Smad2 (Ser465/Ser467) Smad3 (Ser423/Ser425) Smad4 (Total) TGFβRII (Total) HMplexLuminex xMAP
      Description
      Catalogue Number48-614MAG
      Trade Name
      • MILLIPLEX
      DescriptionMILLIPLEX MAP TGFβ Signaling Pathway Magnetic Bead 6-Plex - Cell Signaling Multiplex Assay
      OverviewCells respond to their environment in many different ways through intracellular signaling. The TGFβ pathway plays a central role in a number of normal cellular processes including proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, migration, adhesion, immune response and other functions in most cells. Although the TGFβ pathway regulates a wide range of processes, the pathway is fairly simple. TGFβ dimers bind to TGFβ Type II Receptor which recruits and phosphorylates TGFβ Type I Receptor. The Type I Receptor then recruits and phosphorylates SMAD2/3, which then binds to SMAD4 and forms a complex that enters the cell nucleus where it acts as a transcription factor for various genes. TGFβ Receptor activates the SMAD-dependent canonical pathway, as well as SMAD-independent non-canonical pathways, such as PI3K/Akt, ERK, JNK, and p38.

      Aberrant TGFβ signaling is involved in the development of multiple diseases, including hematological malignancies such as leukemia, and impaired wound healing, neurodegenerative diseases, developmental disorders and pulmonary hypertension. Loss-of-function mutations promote tumorigenesis by suppressing the immune system and the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), although TGFβ signaling has also been implicated in tumor inhibition. Immune cells such as B cells, T cells, dendritic cells and macrophages secrete TGFβ, which downregulates their proliferation, differentiation and activation by other cytokines. Consequently, modifications in TGFβ signaling have been linked to autoimmune and inflammatory diseases and cancer.
      References
      Product Information
      Detection methodLuminex xMAP
      ConfigurationPremixed
      Precision, %
      • Intra-Assay: < 8
      • Inter-Assay: < 12
      Panel TypeCell Signaling
      Quality LevelMQ200
      Applications
      ApplicationIntracellular Bead-Based Multiplex Assays using the Luminex technology enables the simultaneous relative quantitation of multiple phosphorylation and total pathway proteins in tissue and cell lysate samples. Compare Multiplexing results to those of Western blotting.
      Key Applications
      • Multiplexing
      Application Notes• An overnight (4°C) incubation is recommended for best results.
      • This assay requires 25 µL diluted cell lysate per well.
      • This kit must be run using Assay Buffer 1 (provided).
      • 1 - 25 μg cell lysate/well (recommended starting concentration is 40 to 1,000 μg protein/mL).
      Biological Information
      SpecificityCross-reactivity between the antibodies and any of the other analytes in this panel is non-detectable or negligible.
      Species Reactivity
      • Human
      Analytes Available
      • Akt (Ser473)
      • ERK (Thr185/Tyr187)
      • Smad2 (Ser465/Ser467)
      • Smad3 (Ser423/Ser425)
      • Smad4 (Total)
      • TGFβRII (Total)
      Physicochemical Information
      Dimensions
      Materials Information
      Toxicological Information
      Safety Information according to GHS
      Safety Information
      Product Usage Statements
      Usage Statement
      • Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.
      Storage and Shipping Information
      Storage ConditionsRecommended storage for kit components is 2 - 8°C.
      Packaging Information
      Material Size96-well plate
      Material Package96-well plate
      Transport Information
      Supplemental Information
      Specifications