Product Information
Biological Information
Physicochemical Information
Boiling point101 °C (1013 hPa)
Density1.22 g/cm3 (20 °C)
Explosion limit12 - 38 %(V)
Flash point49.5 °C
Melting Point4 °C
pH value2.2 (10 g/l, H₂O, 20 °C)
Vapor pressure42 hPa (20 °C)
Materials Information
Toxicological Information
Safety Information according to GHS
Hazard Pictogram(s) Hazard Pictogram(s)
Hazard Pictogram(s)
Hazard Pictogram(s)
Hazard Statement(s)H226: Flammable liquid and vapour.
H302: Harmful if swallowed.
H314: Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
H331: Toxic if inhaled.
EUH071: Corrosive to the respiratory tract.
Precautionary Statement(s)P210: Keep away from heat.
P280: Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/ face protection.
P301 + P330 + P331: IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P304 + P340: IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P308 + P310: IF exposed or concerned: immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician.
Signal WordDanger
Storage class3 Flammable liquids
WGKWGK 1 slightly hazardous to water
Liquid organic acids or solutions should be diluted, if necessary, and carefully neutralized with sodium hydrogen carbonate (Cat. No. 106323) or with sodium hydroxide (Cat. No 106462). Before filling into container D, check the pH with pH universal indicator strips (Cat. No. 109535).
Safety Information
Hazard Symbols Hazard SymbolsCorrosive
Categories of dangerflammable, corrosive
R PhraseR 10-35-20/22
Flammable.Causes severe burns.Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
S PhraseS 23-26-45
Do not breathe vapour.In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).
Product Usage Statements
Storage and Shipping Information
StorageStore at +15°C to +25°C.
Packaging Information
Transport Information
Declaration (railroad and road) ADR, RIDUN 1779 , 8 (3), II
Declaration (transport by air) IATA-DGRUN 1779 , 8 (3), II
Declaration (transport by sea) IMDG-CodeUN 1779 , 8 (3), II, Segregation Group: 1 (Acids)
Supplemental Information
Assay (alkalimetric)≥ 98.0 %
Identity (IR-spectrum)passes test
Appearancepasses test
Appearance of solutionpasses test
Density (d 20/20)1.217 - 1.223
Chromatographic purity (Acetic acid)≤ 0.5 %
Chromatographic purity (other impurity)≤ 0.1 %
Chromatographic purity (Sum of all other impurities)≤ 0.3 %
Chloride (Cl)≤ 0.001 %
Sulfate (SO₄)≤ 0.004 %
Sulfite (SO₃)≤ 0.002 %
Heavy metals (as Pb)≤ 0.0005 %
As (Arsenic)≤ 0.0003 %
Cu (Copper)≤ 0.002 %
Pb (Lead)≤ 0.001 %
Zn (Zinc)≤ 0.002 %
Aldehydespasses test
Formaldehyde (HCHO)≤ 0.1 %
Oxalic acid (C₂H₂O₄)≤ 0.01 %
Residual solvents (ICHQ3C) of class 2 (Methanol)≤ 0.3 %
Evaporation residue≤ 0.005 %

Elemental impurity specifications have been set considering ICH Q3D (Guideline for Elemental Impurities). Class 1-3 elements are not likely to be present above the ICH Q3D option 1 limit, unless specified and indicated (*).
Corresponds to DAC


Material Qualification Dossier


Quality Management Dossier


Operational Excellence Dossier


Formic acid 98-100% SDS


Safety Data Sheet (SDS) 

Formic acid 98-100% Certificates of Analysis

Product Number PackagingSpecificationLot Number
1002631000 Glass bottlePDF Specification Document
1002632500 Glass bottlePDF Specification Document
1002639025 Plastic containerPDF Specification Document



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