Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H||WB, FC, ICC, ELISA||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Presentation||Purified Immunoglobulin presented as a liquid in PBS with 0.1% sodium azide.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Stable for 1 year at from date of receipt.|
|Material Size||100 µg|
Anti-Oct-4 Antibody, clone 10H11.2 SDS
|Anti-Oct-4, clone 10H11.2||2474968|
|Anti-Oct-4, clone 10H11.2 - 2392284||2392284|
|Anti-Oct-4, clone 10H11.2 - 1991253||1991253|
|Anti-Oct-4, clone 10H11.2 - 2066310||2066310|
|Anti-Oct-4, clone 10H11.2 - 3208178||3208178|
|Anti-Oct-4, clone 10H11.2 - 3407315||3407315|
|Anti-Oct-4, clone 10H11.2 - LV1679970||LV1679970|
|Anti-Oct-4, clone 10H11.2 - LV1786447||LV1786447|
|Anti-Oct-4, clone 10H11.2 - NG1865606||NG1865606|
|Anti-Oct-4, clone 10H11.2 - NG1927045||NG1927045|
|Reference overview||Application||Pub Med ID|
|Transcriptional profiling of ectoderm specification to keratinocyte fate in human embryonic stem cells.|
Tadeu, AM; Lin, S; Hou, L; Chung, L; Zhong, M; Zhao, H; Horsley, V
PloS one 10 e0122493 2015
In recent years, several studies have shed light into the processes that regulate epidermal specification and homeostasis. We previously showed that a broad-spectrum γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT promoted early keratinocyte specification in human embryonic stem cells triggered to undergo ectoderm specification. Here, we show that DAPT accelerates human embryonic stem cell differentiation and induces expression of the ectoderm protein AP2. Furthermore, we utilize RNA sequencing to identify several candidate regulators of ectoderm specification including those involved in epithelial and epidermal development in human embryonic stem cells. Genes associated with transcriptional regulation and growth factor activity are significantly enriched upon DAPT treatment during specification of human embryonic stem cells to the ectoderm lineage. The human ectoderm cell signature identified in this study contains several genes expressed in ectodermal and epithelial tissues. Importantly, these genes are also associated with skin disorders and ectodermal defects, providing a platform for understanding the biology of human epidermal keratinocyte development under diseased and homeostatic conditions.
|Generation of iPS Cells from Human Hair Follice Dermal Papilla Cells.|
Muchkaeva, IA; Dashinimaev, EB; Artyuhov, AS; Myagkova, EP; Vorotelyak, EA; Yegorov, YY; Vishnyakova, KS; Kravchenko, IE; Chumakov, PM; Terskikh, VV; Vasiliev, AV
Acta naturae 6 45-53 2014
Dermal papilla (DP) cells are unique regional stem cells of the skin that induce formation of a hair follicle and its regeneration cycle. DP are multipotent stem cells; therefore we supposed that the efficiency of DPC reprogramming could exceed that of dermal fibroblasts reprogramming. We generated induced pluripotent stem cells from human DP cells using lentiviral transfection with Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc, and cultivation of cells both in a medium supplemented with valproic acid and at a physiological level of oxygen (5%). The efficiency of DP cells reprogramming was ~0.03%, while the efficiency of dermal fibroblast reprogramming under the same conditions was ~0.01%. Therefore, we demonstrated the suitability of DP cells as an alternative source of iPS cells.
|Identification of rabbit annulus fibrosus-derived stem cells.|
Liu, C; Guo, Q; Li, J; Wang, S; Wang, Y; Li, B; Yang, H
PloS one 9 e108239 2014
Annulus fibrosus (AF) injuries can lead to substantial deterioration of intervertebral disc (IVD) which characterizes degenerative disc disease (DDD). However, treatments for AF repair/regeneration remain challenging due to the intrinsic heterogeneity of AF tissue at cellular, biochemical, and biomechanical levels. In this study, we isolated and characterized a sub-population of cells from rabbit AF tissue which formed colonies in vitro and could self-renew. These cells showed gene expression of typical surface antigen molecules characterizing mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), including CD29, CD44, and CD166. Meanwhile, they did not express negative markers of MSCs such as CD4, CD8, and CD14. They also expressed Oct-4, nucleostemin, and SSEA-4 proteins. Upon induced differentiation they showed typical osteogenesis, chondrogenesis, and adipogenesis potential. Together, these AF-derived colony-forming cells possessed clonogenicity, self-renewal, and multi-potential differentiation capability, the three criteria characterizing MSCs. Such AF-derived stem cells may potentially be an ideal candidate for DDD treatments using cell therapies or tissue engineering approaches.
|Characterization of embryonic stem-like cells derived from HEK293T cells through miR302/367 expression and their potentiality to differentiate into germ-like cells.|
Wang, L; Zhu, H; Wu, J; Li, N; Hua, J
Cytotechnology 66 729-40 2014
Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have great value for regenerative medicine, but are facing problems of low efficiency. MicroRNAs are a recently discovered class of 19-25 nt small RNAs that negatively target mRNAs. miR302/367 cluster has been demonstrated to reprogram mouse and human somatic cells to iPS cells without exogenous transcription factors, however, the repetition and differentiation potentiality of miR302/367-induced pluripotent stem (mirPS) cells need to be improved. Here, we showed overexpression of miR302/367 cluster reprogrammed human embryonic kidney 293T cells into mirPS cells in serum-free N2B27-based medium. The mirPS cells had similar morphology with embryonic stem cells, and expressed pluripotent markers including Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and Nanog. In addition, through formation of embryoid bodies, various cells and tissues from three germ layers could be determined. Moreover, we examined the potential of mirPS cells differentiating into germ cells both in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, these data might provide a new source of cells and technique for the investigation of the mechanisms underlying reprogramming and pluripotency.
|Progerin expression disrupts critical adult stem cell functions involved in tissue repair.|
Pacheco, LM; Gomez, LA; Dias, J; Ziebarth, NM; Howard, GA; Schiller, PC
Aging 6 1049-63 2014
Vascular disease is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Vascular repair, essential for tissue maintenance, is critically reduced during vascular disease and aging. Efficient vascular repair requires functional adult stem cells unimpaired by aging or mutation. One protein candidate for reducing stem cell?mediated vascular repair is progerin, an alternative splice variant of lamin A. Progerin results from erroneous activation of cryptic splice sites within the LMNA gene, and significantly increases during aging. Mutations triggering progerin overexpression cause the premature aging disorder Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS), in which patients die at approximately 13-years of age due to atherosclerosis-induced disease. Progerin expression affects tissues rich in cells that can be derived from marrow stromal cells (MSCs. Studies using various MSC subpopulations and models have led to discrepant results. Using a well-defined, immature subpopulation of MSCs, Marrow Isolated Adult Multilineage Inducible (MIAMI) cells, we find progerin significantly disrupts expression and localization of self-renewal markers, proliferation, migration, and membrane elasticity. One potential treatment, farnesyltransferase inhibitor, ameliorates some of these effects. Our results confirm proposed progerin-induced mechanisms and suggest novel ways in which progerin disturbs critical stem cell functions collectively required for proper tissue repair, offering promising treatment targets for future therapies.
|Metabolic profiling and flux analysis of MEL-2 human embryonic stem cells during exponential growth at physiological and atmospheric oxygen concentrations.|
Turner, J; Quek, LE; Titmarsh, D; Krömer, JO; Kao, LP; Nielsen, L; Wolvetang, E; Cooper-White, J
PloS one 9 e112757 2014
As human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) steadily progress towards regenerative medicine applications there is an increasing emphasis on the development of bioreactor platforms that enable expansion of these cells to clinically relevant numbers. Surprisingly little is known about the metabolic requirements of hESCs, precluding the rational design and optimisation of such platforms. In this study, we undertook an in-depth characterisation of MEL-2 hESC metabolic behaviour during the exponential growth phase, combining metabolic profiling and flux analysis tools at physiological (hypoxic) and atmospheric (normoxic) oxygen concentrations. To overcome variability in growth profiles and the problem of closing mass balances in a complex environment, we developed protocols to accurately measure uptake and production rates of metabolites, cell density, growth rate and biomass composition, and designed a metabolic flux analysis model for estimating internal rates. hESCs are commonly considered to be highly glycolytic with inactive or immature mitochondria, however, whilst the results of this study confirmed that glycolysis is indeed highly active, we show that at least in MEL-2 hESC, it is supported by the use of oxidative phosphorylation within the mitochondria utilising carbon sources, such as glutamine to maximise ATP production. Under both conditions, glycolysis was disconnected from the mitochondria with all of the glucose being converted to lactate. No difference in the growth rates of cells cultured under physiological or atmospheric oxygen concentrations was observed nor did this cause differences in fluxes through the majority of the internal metabolic pathways associated with biogenesis. These results suggest that hESCs display the conventional Warburg effect, with high aerobic activity despite high lactate production, challenging the idea of an anaerobic metabolism with low mitochondrial activity. The results of this study provide new insight that can be used in rational bioreactor design and in the development of novel culture media for hESC maintenance and expansion.
|Synergistic effect of trichostatin A and scriptaid on the development of cloned rabbit embryos.|
Chen, CH; Du, F; Xu, J; Chang, WF; Liu, CC; Su, HY; Lin, TA; Ju, JC; Cheng, WT; Wu, SC; Chen, YE; Sung, LY
Theriogenology 79 1284-93 2013
The first successful rabbit SCNT was achieved more than one decade ago, yet rabbits remain one of the most difficult species to clone. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of two histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis), namely trichostatin A (TSA) and scriptaid (SCP), on cloning efficiency in rabbits. The in vitro development, acetylation levels of histone H4 lysine 5 (H4K5), and octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (Oct-4) expression patterns of cloned embryos were systemically examined after various HDACi treatments. Supplementation of TSA (50 nM) or SCP (250 nM) in the culture medium for 6 hours improved blastocyst development rates of cloned embryos compared with the treatment without HDACi. The combined treatment with TSA (50 nM) and SCP (250 nM) further enhanced morula (58.6%) and blastocyst (49.4%) rates in vitro. More importantly, compared with single HDACi treatments, embryos with the combined treatment had a higher level of H4K5 and an increased total cell number (203.7 ± 14.4 vs. 158.9 ± 9.0 or 162.1 ± 8.2; P less than 0.05) with a better Oct-4 expression pattern in hatching blastocysts, indicating substantially improved embryo quality. This was apparently the first report regarding Oct-4 expression in cloned rabbit embryos. We inferred that most cloned rabbit embryos had an aberrant inner cell mass (ICM) structure accompanied with abnormal spatial distribution of Oct-4 signals. This study demonstrated a synergistic effect of TSA and SCP treatments on cloned rabbit embryos, which might be useful to improve cloning efficiency in rabbits.
|High-content imaging-based screening of microenvironment-induced changes to stem cells.|
Vega, SL; Liu, E; Patel, PJ; Kulesa, AB; Carlson, AL; Ma, Y; Becker, ML; Moghe, PV
Journal of biomolecular screening 17 1151-62 2012
Effective screening methodologies for cells are challenged by the divergent and heterogeneous nature of phenotypes inherent to stem cell cultures, particularly on engineered biomaterial surfaces. In this study, we showcase a high-content, confocal imaging-based methodology to parse single-cell phenotypes by quantifying organizational signatures of specific subcellular reporter proteins and applied this profiling approach to three human stem cell types (embryonic-human embryonic stem cell [hESC], induced pluripotent-induced pluripotent stem cell [iPSC], and mesenchymal-human mesenchymal stem cell [hMSC]). We demonstrate that this method could distinguish self-renewing subpopulations of hESCs and iPSCs from heterogeneous populations. This technique can also provide insights into how incremental changes in biomaterial properties, both physiochemical and mechanical, influence stem cell fates by parsing the organization of stem cell proteins. For example, hMSCs cultured on polymeric films with varying degrees of poly(ethylene glycol) to modulate osteogenic differentiation were parsed using high-content organization of the cytoskeletal protein F-actin. In addition, hMSCs cultured on a self-assembled monolayer platform featuring compositional gradients were screened and descriptors obtained to correlate substrate variations with adipogenic lineage commitment. Taken together, high-content imaging of structurally sensitive proteins can be used as a tool to identify stem cell phenotypes at the single-cell level across a diverse range of culture conditions and microenvironments.
|Dynamic profiles of Oct-4, Cdx-2 and acetylated H4K5 in in-vivo-derived rabbit embryos.|
Chen, CH; Xu, J; Chang, WF; Liu, CC; Su, HY; Chen, YE; Du, F; Sung, LY
Reproductive biomedicine online 25 358-70 2012
This study documents the spatial and temporal distribution of Oct-4, Cdx-2 and acetylated H4K5 (H4K5ac) by immunocytochemistry staining using in-vivo-derived rabbit embryos at different stages: day-3 compact morulae, day-4 early blastocysts, day-4 expanded blastocysts, day-5 blastocysts, day-6 blastocysts and day-7 blastocysts. The Oct-4 signal was stronger in the inner cell mass (ICM)/epiblast cells than in the trophectoderm (TE) cells in all blastocyst stages except day-4 expanded blastocysts, where the signal was similarly weak in both the ICM and TE cells. The Cdx-2 signal was first detected in a small number of TE cells of day-4 early blastocysts, and became evident in the TE cells exclusively afterwards. A consistently strong H4K5ac signal was observed in the TE cells in all blastocyst stages examined. In particular, this signal was stronger in the TE than in the ICM cells in day-4 early blastocysts, day-4 expanded blastocysts and day-5 blastocysts. Double staining of H4K5ac with either Oct-4 or Cdx-2 on embryos at different blastocyst stages confirmed these findings. This work suggests that day 4 is a critical timing for lineage formation in rabbit embryos. A combination of Oct-4, Cdx-2 and H4K5ac can be used as biomarkers to identify different lineage cells in rabbit blastocysts.
|Spatial and temporal distribution of Oct-4 and acetylated H4K5 in rabbit embryos.|
Chen, CH; Chang, WF; Liu, CC; Su, HY; Shyue, SK; Cheng, WT; Chen, YE; Wu, SC; Du, F; Sung, LY; Xu, J
Reproductive biomedicine online 24 433-42 2012
Rabbit is a unique species to study human embryology; however, there are limited reports on the key transcription factors and epigenetic events of rabbit embryos. This study examined the Oct-4 and acetylated H4K5 (H4K5ac) patterns in rabbit embryos using immunochemistry staining. The average intensity of the Oct-4 signal in the nuclei of the whole embryo spiked upon fertilization, then decreased until the 8-cell stage and increased afterwards until the compact morula (CM) stage. It decreased thereafter from the CM stage to the early blastocyst (EB) stage, with a minimum at the expanded blastocyst (EXPB) stage and came back to a level similar to that of the CM-stage embryos in the hatching blastocysts (HB). The Oct-4 signal was observed in both the inner cell mass (ICM) and the trophectoderm (TE) cells of blastocysts. The average H4K5ac signal intensity of the whole embryo increased upon fertilization, started to decrease at the 4-cell stage, reached a minimum at the 8-cell stage, increased again at the EXPB stage and peaked at the HB stage. While TE cells maintained similar levels of H4K5ac throughout the blastocyst stages, ICM cells of HB showed higher levels of H4K5ac than those of EB and EXPB. Understanding key genetic and epigenetic events during early embryo development will help to identify factors contributing to embryo losses and consequently improve embryo survival rates. As a preferred laboratory species for many human disease studies such as atherosclerosis, rabbit is also a pioneer species in the development of several embryo biotechnologies, such as IVF, transgenesis, animal cloning, embryo cryopreservation and embryonic stem cells. However, there are limited reports on key transcription factors and epigenetic events of rabbit embryos. In the present study, we documented the temporal and spatial distribution of Oct-4 protein and H4K5 acetylation during early embryo development using the immunostaining approach. We also compared the patterns of these two important biomarkers between the inner cell mass (ICM) and the trophectoderm (TE) cells in blastocyst-stage embryos. Our findings suggest that a combination of Oct-4, H4K5ac and possibly other biomarkers such as Cdx-2 is needed to accurately identify different lineages of cells in morula and blastocyst stage rabbit embryos. Importantly, we revealed a novel wave of Oct-4 intensity change in the ICM cells of rabbit blastocysts. The signal was high at the early blastocyst stage, reached a minimum at the expanded blastocyst stage and returned to a high level at the hatching blastocyst stage. We hypothesize that the signal may have reflected the regulation of Oct-4 through enhancer switching and therefore may be related to cell lineage formation in rabbit embryos. These findings enrich our understanding on key genetic and epigenetic programming events during early embryo development in rabbits.