Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, M||ICC, IHC, WB||Rb||Affinity Purified||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Presentation||Affinity Purified immunoglobulin. Precipitated antibody in a solution of 50% saturated ammonium sulfate and PBS containing no preservatives.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Material Size||100 µg|
Anti-Oct-4 Antibody SDS
|RABBIT ANTI-Oct4 AFFINITY PURIFIED POLYCLONAL ANTIBODY - 2453157||2453157|
|RABBIT ANTI-Oct4 - 2492137||2492137|
|RABBIT ANTI-Oct4 - 3380376||3380376|
|RABBIT ANTI-Oct4 -2661283||2661283|
|RABBIT ANTI-Oct4 -2684902||2684902|
|RABBIT ANTI-Oct4 -2780604||2780604|
|RABBIT ANTI-Oct4 -2842985||2842985|
|RABBIT ANTI-Oct4 AFFINITY PURIFIED POLYCLONAL ANTIBODY||2919791A|
|RABBIT ANTI-Oct4 AFFINITY PURIFIED POLYCLONAL ANTIBODY||2919791|
|Reference overview||Application||Pub Med ID|
|Putative porcine embryonic stem cell lines derived from aggregated four-celled cloned embryos produced by oocyte bisection cloning.|
Siriboon, C; Lin, YH; Kere, M; Chen, CD; Chen, LR; Chen, CH; Tu, CF; Lo, NW; Ju, JC
PloS one 10 e0118165 2015
We attempted to isolate ES cell lines using inner cell masses from high-quality cloned porcine blastocysts. After being seeded onto feeders, embryos had better (P less than 0.05) attachment, outgrowth formation and primary colonization in both 2× and 3× aggregated cloned embryos (62.8, 42.6 and 12.8% vs. 76.2, 55.2 and 26.2%, respectively) compared to the non-aggregated group (41.6, 23.4 and 3.9%). Effects of feeder types (STO vs. MEF) and serum sources (FBS vs. KSR) on extraction of cloned embryo-derived porcine ES cells were examined. More (17.1%) ntES cell lines over Passage 3 were generated in the MEF/KSR group. However, ntES cells cultured in KSR-supplemented medium had a low proliferation rate with defective morphology, and eventually underwent differentiation or apoptosis subsequently. Approximately 26.1, 22.7 and 35.7% of primary colonies were formed after plating embryos in DMEM, DMEM/F12 and α-MEM media, respectively. Survival rates of ntES cells cultured in α-MEM, DMEM and DMEM/F12 were 16.7, 4.3 and 6.8%, respectively (P greater than 0.05). We further examined the beneficial effect of TSA treatment of 3× aggregated cloned embryos on establishment of ntES cell lines. Primary colony numbers and survival rates of ntES cells beyond passage 3 were higher (P less than 0.05) in those derived from TSA-treated 3× blastocysts (36.7 and 26.7%) than from the non-treated aggregated group (23.1 and 11.5%). These cells, remaining undifferentiated over 25 passages, had alkaline phosphatase activity and expressed ES specific markers Oct4, Nanog, Sox2, and Rex01. Moreover, these ntES cells successfully differentiated into embryoid bodies (EBs) that expressed specific genes of all three germ layers after being cultured in LIF-free medium. In conclusion, we have successfully derived putative porcine ntES cells with high efficiency from quality cloned embryos produced by embryo aggregation, and optimized the ES cell culture system suitable for establishing and maintaining ntES cell lines in undifferentiated state.
|Method of isolation and characterization of Girardia tigrina stem cells.|
Lopes, KA; DE Campos Velho, NM; Pacheco-Soares, C
Biomedical reports 3 163-166 2015
Tissue regeneration is widely studied due to its importance for understanding the biology of stem cells, aiming at their application in medicine for therapeutic and various other purposes. The establishment of experimental models is necessary, as certain invertebrates and vertebrates have different regeneration abilities depending on their taxon position on the evolutionary scale. Planarians are an efficacious in vivo model for stem cell biology, but the correlation between planarian cellular and molecular neoblast pluripotency mechanisms and those of mammalian stem cells is unknown. The present study had the following objectives: i) Establish Girardia tigrina cell culture, ii) determine the time required for complete cell disintegration and iii) obtain neoblasts by cell subdivision. Twenty-four specimens were deprived of food for seven days. After this time, disintegration was performed by incubation protected at three temperatures for 48 h in an antibiotic, antimycotic and trypsin solution, after which the suspension was homogenized and centrifuged. Histopaque(®) 1077 was used for cell separation and interphases were collected and monitored by optical and fluorescence microscopy. Optical microscopy analysis informed the nucleus-to-cytoplasm ratio, cell morphology and cell size. Under fluorescence microscopy, interphase 1 (I1) was subdivided into two groups and neoblasts were marked for characterization; one group was stained with 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and the other was immunolabeled with octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4) and isolated and observed after 10 days of cultivation. Neoblasts predominated in I1 with a small amount of other cell types. In conclusion, sample disintegration with a trypsin and antibiotic solution was effective at 18˚C and Iscove's modified Dulbecco's medium supplemented with fetal bovine serum was adequate for the establishment of primary cell cultures after 48-h incubation and centrifugation. Antibody anti-OCT4 was used for the characterization of stem cells and was successfully labeled with concentrated neoblasts on interphase 1.
|Analysis of human embryonic stem cells with regulatable expression of the cell adhesion molecule l1 in regeneration after spinal cord injury.|
Yoo, M; Lee, GA; Park, C; Cohen, RI; Schachner, M
Journal of neurotrauma 31 553-64 2014
Cell replacement therapy is one potential avenue for central nervous system (CNS) repair. However, transplanted stem cells may not contribute to long-term recovery of the damaged CNS unless they are engineered for functional advantage. To fine tune regenerative capabilities, we developed a human neural cell line expressing L1, a regeneration-conducive adhesion molecule, under the control of a doxycycline regulatable Tet-off promoter. Controlled expression of L1 is desired because overexpression after regenerative events may lead to adverse consequences. The regulated system was tested in several cell lines, where doxycycline completely eliminated green fluorescent protein or L1 expression by 3-5 days in vitro. Increased colony formation as well as decreased proliferation were observed in H9NSCs without doxycycline (hL1-on). To test the role of L1 in vivo after acute compression spinal cord injury of immunosuppressed mice, quantum dot labeled hL1-on or hL1-off cells were injected at three sites: lesion; proximal; and caudal. Mice transplanted with hL1-on cells showed a better Basso Mouse Scale score, when compared to those with hL1-off cells. As compared to the hL1-off versus hL1-on cell transplanted mice 6 weeks post-transplantation, expression levels of L1, migration of transplanted cells, and immunoreactivity for tyrosine hydroxylase were higher, whereas expression of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans was lower. Results indicate that L1 expression is regulatable in human stem cells by doxycycline in a nonviral engineering approach. Regulatable expression in a prospective nonleaky Tet-off system could hold promise for therapy, based on the multifunctional roles of L1, including neuronal migration and survival, neuritogenesis, myelination, and synaptic plasticity.
|Circulating mouse Flk1+/c-Kit+/CD45- cells function as endothelial progenitors cells (EPCs) and stimulate the growth of human tumor xenografts.|
Russell, JS; Brown, JM
Molecular cancer 13 177 2014
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been demonstrated to have stem-cell like as well as mature endothelial functions. However, controversy remains as to their origins, immunophenotypic markings, and contribution to the tumor vascular network and tumor survival.Flow cytometric analysis and sorting was used to isolate Flk-1+/c-Kit+/CD45- cells. Matrigel and methycellulose assays, flow cytometry, and gene array analyses were performed to characterize several murine EPC cell populations. Human tumor xenografts were used to evaluate the impact of EPCs on tumor growth and vascular development.Flk-1+/c-Kit+/CD45- cells were present at low levels in most murine organs with the highest levels in adipose, aorta/vena cava, and lung tissues. Flk-1+/c-Kit+/CD45- cells demonstrated stem cell qualities through colony forming assays and mature endothelial function by expression of CD31, uptake of acLDL, and vascular structure formation in matrigel. High passage EPCs grown in vitro became more differentiated and lost stem-cell markers. EPCs were found to have hemangioblastic properties as demonstrated by the ability to rescue mice given whole body radiation. Systemic injection of EPCs increased the growth of human xenograft tumors and vessel density.Flk-1+/C-Kit+/CD45- cells function as endothelial progenitor cells. EPCs are resident in most murine tissue types and localize to human tumor xenografts. Furthermore, the EPC population demonstrates stem-cell and mature endothelial functions and promoted the growth of tumors through enhanced vascular network formation. Given the involvement of EPCs in tumor development, this unique host-derived population may be an additional target to consider for anti-neoplastic therapy.
|Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) plays a key role in vasculogenic mimicry formation, neovascularization and tumor initiation by Glioma stem-like cells.|
Yao, X; Ping, Y; Liu, Y; Chen, K; Yoshimura, T; Liu, M; Gong, W; Chen, C; Niu, Q; Guo, D; Zhang, X; Wang, JM; Bian, X
PloS one 8 e57188 2013
Human glioblastomas (GBM) are thought to be initiated by glioma stem-like cells (GSLCs). GSLCs also participate in tumor neovascularization by transdifferentiating into vascular endothelial cells. Here, we report a critical role of GSLCs in the formation of vasculogenic mimicry (VM), which defines channels lined by tumor cells to supply nutrients to early growing tumors and tumor initiation. GSLCs preferentially expressed vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) that upon activation by VEGF, mediated chemotaxis, tubule formation and increased expression of critical VM markers by GSLCs. Knockdown of VEGFR-2 in GSLCs by shRNA markedly reduced their capacity of self-renewal, forming tubules, initiating xenograft tumors, promoting vascularization and the establishment of VM. Our study demonstrates VEGFR-2 as an essential molecule to sustain the "stemness" of GSLCs, their capacity to initiate tumor vasculature, and direct initiation of tumor.
|Variability in the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells: importance for disease modeling.|
Vitale, AM; Matigian, NA; Ravishankar, S; Bellette, B; Wood, SA; Wolvetang, EJ; Mackay-Sim, A
Stem cells translational medicine 1 641-50 2012
In the field of disease modeling, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have become an appealing choice, especially for diseases that do not have an animal model. They can be generated from patients with known clinical features and compared with cells from healthy controls to identify the biological bases of disease. This study was undertaken to determine the variability in iPSC lines derived from different individuals, with the aim of determining criteria for selecting iPSC lines for disease models. We generated and characterized 18 iPSC lines from eight donors and considered variability at three levels: (a) variability in the criteria that define iPSC lines as pluripotent cells, (b) variability in cell lines from different donors, and (c) variability in cell lines from the same donor. We found that variability in transgene expression and pluripotency marker levels did not prevent iPSCs from fulfilling all other criteria for pluripotency, including teratoma formation. We found low interindividual and interclonal variability in iPSCs that fulfilled the most stringent criteria for pluripotency, with very high correlation in their gene expression profiles. Interestingly, some cell lines exhibited reprogramming instability, spontaneously regressing from a fully to a partially reprogrammed state. This was associated with a low percentage of cells expressing the pluripotency marker stage-specific embryonic antigen-4. Our study shows that it is possible to define a similar "ground state" for each cell line as the basis for making patient versus control comparisons, an essential step in order to identify disease-associated variability above individual and cell line variability.
|Ciliogenesis in normal human kidney development and post-natal life.|
Saraga-Babić M, Vukojević K, Bočina I, Drnašin K, Saraga M
Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany) 2011
Ciliogenesis in developing and post-natal human kidneys appears to influence cell proliferation and differentiation, apico-basal cell polarity, and tubular lumen formation. We have analyzed the appearance of primary cilia and differentiation of kidney cells in ten human conceptuses aged 6-22 weeks and in one 5-year-old kidney, using a double immunofluorescence labeling technique for α-tubulin, γ-tubulin, Oct-4, and Ki-67 and by electron microscopy. Immature forms of nephrons and ampullae were characterized by intense cell proliferation, which subsequently decreased during development. Primary cilia appeared on the surfaces of non-proliferating cells in developing nephrons, gradually increasing in length from 0.59 μm in renal vesicles to 0.81 μm in the S-forms of nephrons, ultimately reaching 3.04 μm in length in mature fetal and post-natal nephrons. Ciliary length increased from 0.59 μm in ampullae to 1.28 μm in post-natal collecting tubules. Mesenchymal to epithelial transformation of kidney cells coincided with the appearance of apico-basal polarity, both gap and tight junctions, and lumen formation. Up-regulation of Oct-4 expression correlated with the onset of kidney cell differentiation. Our results demonstrate the importance of proper primary cilia lengthening and Oct-4 expression for the normal development of fetal and post-natal kidneys and of apico-basal polarity for normal tubular lumen formation. Disturbances in these processes are associated with ciliopathies.
|Prognostic value of OCT4 in primary intracranial germinoma: a single institute analysis of 31 cases.|
Wanggou S, Jiang X, Yuan X, Ren C, Zeng Y, Li G, Li Q
British journal of neurosurgery 2011
Abstract OCT4 expresses variably in primary intracranial germinomas. In this study, we tested our hypothesis that such variation of OCT4 is predictive of outcome in primary intracranial germinomas. Thirty-one histologically identified CNS germinoma patients were enrolled in our study. We collected medical data, immunohistochemically evaluated the OCT4 expression level, and followed up all patients from April 2001 to May 2010. We found that 7 of the 31 patients expressed OCT4 weakly, 11 expressed OCT4 moderately, and 13 expressed OCT4 strongly. No significant correlation between the OCT4 expression level and clinicopathological characteristics was observed. WV-CS combined treatment modality showed a better 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate than other treatment modalities and a low expression level of OCT4 showed a significantly better 5-year PFS. In both the WV-CS combined treatment modality and other treatments modality group, patients received a better 5-year PFS and had a lower level of OCT4 expression. As a result, we suggest OCT4 as a probable prognostic marker for intracranial germinoma.
|Evidence that Lin28 stimulates translation by recruiting RNA helicase A to polysomes.|
Jin, J; Jing, W; Lei, XX; Feng, C; Peng, S; Boris-Lawrie, K; Huang, Y
Nucleic acids research 39 3724-34 2011
The stem cell protein Lin28 functions to inhibit the biogenesis of a group of miRNAs but also stimulates the expression of a subset of mRNAs at the post-transcriptional level, the underlying mechanism of which is not yet understood. Here we report the characterization of the molecular interplay between Lin28 and RNA helicase A (RHA) known to play an important role in remodeling ribonucleoprotein particles during translation. We show that reducing Lin28 expression results in decreased RHA association with polysomes while increasing Lin28 expression leads to elevated RHA association. Further, the carboxyl terminus of Lin28 is necessary for interaction with both the amino and carboxyl termini of RHA. Importantly, a carboxyl terminal deletion mutant of Lin28 that retains RNA-binding activity fails to interact with RHA and exhibits dominant-negative effects on Lin28-dependent stimulation of translation. Taken together, these results lead us to suggest that Lin28 may stimulate translation by actively recruiting RHA to polysomes.
|Neuronatin promotes neural lineage in ESCs via Ca(2+) signaling.|
Lin, HH; Bell, E; Uwanogho, D; Perfect, LW; Noristani, H; Bates, TJ; Snetkov, V; Price, J; Sun, YM
Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio) 28 1950-60 2010
Neural induction is the first step in the formation of the vertebrate central nervous system. The emerging consensus of the mechanisms underlying neural induction is the combined influences from inhibiting bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling and activating fibroblast growth factor (FGF)/Erk signaling, which act extrinsically via either autocrine or paracrine fashions. However, do intrinsic forces (cues) exist and do they play decisive roles in neural induction? These questions remain to be answered. Here, we have identified a novel neural initiator, neuronatin (Nnat), which acts as an intrinsic factor to promote neural fate in mammals and Xenopus. ESCs lacking this intrinsic factor fail to undergo neural induction despite the inhibition of the BMP pathway. We show that Nnat initiates neural induction in ESCs through increasing intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+) ](i)) by antagonizing Ca(2+) -ATPase isoform 2 (sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) -ATPase isoform 2) in the endoplasmic reticulum, which in turn increases the phosphorylation of Erk1/2 and inhibits the BMP4 pathway and leads to neural induction in conjunction with FGF/Erk pathway.