|Monoclonal antibody-based solid-phase immunoenzymometric assays for quantifying human immunoglobulin G and its subclasses in serum. |
Papadea, C, et al.
Clin. Chem., 31: 1940-5 (1985)
We developed quantitative immunoenzymometric assays for human IgG and its subclasses by using monoclonal antibodies, an avidin-biotin detection system and, as the calibrant, the U.S. National Reference Preparation for Specific Human Proteins. The assays are sensitive (detecting as little as 6 micrograms/L), precise (average inter-assay CV less than 11%), and vary linearly with concentrations over a five- to 10-fold range, depending on the monoclonal antibody. We evaluated 22 different monoclonal antibodies, many of which remained highly reactive when immobilized in wells of microtiter plates coated with bovine serum albumin-glutaraldehyde to "capture" total IgG or subclasses of IgG in the sample. We demonstrated the specificity of the most reactive antibodies by using a panel of 20 purified myeloma proteins. The sum of IgG subclass concentrations correlated well (r = 0.84, p less than 0.001) with the total IgG measured in sera from 63 apparently healthy adults (26 men, 37 women). We estimated 95 percentile reference intervals for the immunoglobulins in these subjects and determined the following mean percentage distributions of IgG subclasses: IgG1 49, IgG2 33, IgG3 9, and IgG4 7. The availability of these assays should facilitate studies of the clinical significance of the subclasses.
|Evaluation of thirty-one mouse monoclonal antibodies to human IgG epitopes. |
Reimer, C B, et al.
Hybridoma, 3: 263-75 (1984)
Stable clones of 31 mouse hybridomas that produce monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against human IgG antigenic determinants were obtained. The number of hybridomas of different specificity described are: 2 anti-IgG1 Fc, 1 anti-IgG2 Fc, 1 anti-IgG2 Fd, 2 anti-IgG3 Fc, 2 anti-IgG3 hinge, 3 anti-IgG4 Fc, 3 anti-IgG4 Fd, 2 anti-nG4m(b), 4 anti-IgGFc, 2 anti-IgGFd, 1 anti-kappa, 1 anti-lambda, 1 anti-non IgG1, 2 anti-non IgG2, 2 anti-non-IgG3, 2 anti-non-IgG4. Evidence is presented validating their specificity. Some MAbs demonstrated to be avid, potent, and specific for well defined IgG-subclass epitopes may be partially or completely inactive in other assay systems, presumably because of different presentations of antigen epitopes. In general, this problem requires careful writing of protocols describing the use of MAbs.