|Description||Mouse Anti-Goat IgG Antibody, HRP conjugate, Species Adsorbed|
|Application||This Mouse anti-Goat IgG Antibody, HRP conjugate, Species Adsorbed is validated for use in ELISA, WB for the detection of Goat IgG.|
|Antibody Type||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Material Size||1 mL|
|HORSERADISH PEROXIDASE (HRP) CONJUGATED -2661349||2661349|
|HORSERADISH PEROXIDASE (HRP) CONJUGATED -2759711||2759711|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|Peculiar composition of epithelial cells in follicle-associated intestinal crypts of Peyer's patches in the rat small intestine. |
Mantani, Y; Yuasa, H; Nishida, M; Takahara, E; Omotehara, T; Udayanga, KG; Kawano, J; Yokoyama, T; Hoshi, N; Kitagawa, H
The Journal of veterinary medical science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science 76 833-8 2014
The epithelial cell composition was investigated in the follicle-associated intestinal crypt (FAIC) of rat Peyer's patches. The epithelium of the FAIC mainly consisted of columnar epithelial cells, goblet cells and Paneth cells. The characteristics of secretory granules in Paneth cells and goblet cells of both the FAIC and ordinary intestinal crypts (IC) were almost the same in periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) reaction, Alcian blue (AB) staining and the immunohistochemical detection of lysozymes and soluble phospholipase A2. Both goblet cells and Paneth cells were markedly less frequent on the follicular sides than on the anti-follicular sides of the FAIC. Goblet cells were also markedly less frequent in the follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) than in the ordinary intestinal villi (IV). Indigenous bacteria were more frequently adhered to FAE than to follicle-associated intestinal villi or IV. These findings suggest that the host defense against indigenous bacteria is inhibited on the follicular sides of FAIC, which might contribute to the preferential settlement of indigenous bacteria on the FAE; they also suggest that differentiation into secretory cells is inhibited in the epithelium of the follicular sides of FAIC, so that differentiation into M cells might be admitted in the FAE of rat Peyer's patches. Furthermore, intermediate cells possessing characteristics of both Paneth cells and goblet cells were rarely found in the FAIC, but not in the IC. This finding suggests that the manner of differentiation into Paneth cells in the FAIC differs from that in the IC.
|The effect of the new SERM arzoxifene on growth and gene expression in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. |
Cecilie T Freddie, Søren S Larsen, Monica Bartholomaeussen, Anne E Lykkesfeldt
Molecular and cellular endocrinology 219 27-36 2004
The benzothiophene arzoxifene is a new 3rd generation selective estrogen receptor (ER) modulator (SERM). We have investigated the effect of arzoxifene on growth and gene expression in the estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) positive human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Arzoxifene inhibits cell growth as effectively as the antiestrogen tamoxifen. Northern analysis revealed that arzoxifene exerts a statistically significant inhibition of pS2 and progesterone receptor B mRNA expression. Significant agonistic effect was observed on the antitrypsin mRNA expression. In contrast to estradiol and tamoxifen, arzoxifene does not upregulate cathepsin D mRNA and protein expression. The metabolite of arzoxifene (ARZm) is a more potent growth inhibitor of MCF-7 cells than arzoxifene. A tamoxifen resistant MCF-7 subline displayed a significant dose-dependent growth inhibition to ARZm, whereas an ICI 182,780 resistant cell line only responded to high concentration. Our results indicate that arzoxifene and especially ARZm are efficient growth inhibitors of ER positive human breast cancer cells, including tamoxifen resistant cells. Moreover, arzoxifene displays less estrogen agonistic effects in MCF-7 cells than tamoxifen.
|A new MCF-7 breast cancer cell line resistant to the arzoxifene metabolite desmethylarzoxifene. |
Cecilie T Freddie, Gitte L Christensen, Anne E Lykkesfeldt
Molecular and cellular endocrinology 220 97-107 2004
The development of resistance in tamoxifen-treated breast cancer patients and the estrogenic side effects of tamoxifen have lead to the design of many new drugs. The new SERM arzoxifene and its active metabolite desmethylarzoxifene (ARZm) inhibits growth of breast cancer cells and has less estrogenic effects than tamoxifen on gene expression. A cell line with acquired resistance to ARZm (MCF-7/ARZm(R)-1) was established from MCF-7 cells. MCF-7/ARZm(R)-1 cells responded to treatment with tamoxifen and the pure antiestrogen ICI 182,7870. The estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) level in MCF-7/ARZm(R)-1 cells was lower than in MCF-7 cells due to a destabilization of the receptor by ARZm. A significant reduction in the mRNA and protein level of some estrogen-regulated genes was observed in MCF-7/ARZm(R)-1 compared to MCF-7. However, both the level of the ERalpha and several ER-regulated gene products increased towards parental MCF-7 level upon withdrawal from ARZm, concomitant with an increase in the sensitivity of MCF-7/ARZm(R)-1 cells to ARZm treatment. These data show that ARZm resistant cells remain sensitive to treatment with both tamoxifen and to ICI 182,780. Furthermore, the partial reversion to ARZm sensitivity upon withdrawal of the SERM suggests that patients may benefit from a rechallenge with ARZm.
|Mouse anti-Goat IgG, Peroxidase Conjugated, Species Adsorbed: Hu, Ms, Rb - Data Sheet|