|Description||Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG Antibody, Fc, HRP conjugate|
|Presentation||Liquid. Buffer =0.01M Sodium Phosphate, 0.25 M NaCl, pH 7.6, and mixed with 15mg/mL BSA as stabilizer containing no preservatives.
Reconstitute in 2mL deionized water.
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Material Size||2 mL|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|Human cytomegalovirus major immediate early 1 protein targets host chromosomes by docking to the acidic pocket on the nucleosome surface. |
Mücke, K; Paulus, C; Bernhardt, K; Gerrer, K; Schön, K; Fink, A; Sauer, EM; Asbach-Nitzsche, A; Harwardt, T; Kieninger, B; Kremer, W; Kalbitzer, HR; Nevels, M
Journal of virology 88 1228-48 2014
The 72-kDa immediate early 1 (IE1) protein encoded by human cytomegalovirus (hCMV) is a nuclearly localized promiscuous regulator of viral and cellular transcription. IE1 has long been known to associate with host mitotic chromatin, yet the mechanisms underlying this interaction have not been specified. In this study, we identify the cellular chromosome receptor for IE1. We demonstrate that the viral protein targets human nucleosomes by directly binding to core histones in a nucleic acid-independent manner. IE1 exhibits two separable histone-interacting regions with differential binding specificities for H2A-H2B and H3-H4. The H2A-H2B binding region was mapped to an evolutionarily conserved 10-amino-acid motif within the chromatin-tethering domain (CTD) of IE1. Results from experimental approaches combined with molecular modeling indicate that the IE1 CTD adopts a β-hairpin structure, docking with the acidic pocket formed by H2A-H2B on the nucleosome surface. IE1 binds to the acidic pocket in a way similar to that of the latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA) of the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. Consequently, the IE1 and LANA CTDs compete for binding to nucleosome cores and chromatin. Our work elucidates in detail how a key viral regulator is anchored to human chromosomes and identifies the nucleosomal acidic pocket as a joint target of proteins from distantly related viruses. Based on the striking similarities between the IE1 and LANA CTDs and the fact that nucleosome targeting by IE1 is dispensable for productive replication even in "clinical" strains of hCMV, we speculate that the two viral proteins may serve analogous functions during latency of their respective viruses.
|Differential regulation of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-activated gene in normal human tracheobronchial epithelial and lung carcinoma cells by retinoids. |
Donna Newman, Morito Sakaue, Ja Seok Koo, Kyung-Su Kim, Seung Joon Baek, Thomas Eling, Anton M Jetten
Molecular pharmacology 63 557-64 2003
In this study, we analyze the effect of several retinoids on the expression of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-activated gene (NAG-1) in normal human tracheobronchial epithelial (HTBE) cells and several lung carcinoma cell lines. The retinoid 6-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]-2-naphthalene carboxylic acid (AHPN) greatly enhances the expression of NAG-1 mRNA and protein in a time- and dose-dependent manner in human lung adenocarcinoma H460 cells and several other carcinoma cell lines. This induction was specific for AHPN because retinoic acid, a retinoic acid receptor-, and a retinoid X receptor pan-agonist were unable to induce NAG-1, suggesting that this induction is not mediated through activation of retinoid receptors. Although NAG-1 is a p53-responsive gene, AHPN-induced NAG-1 expression does not require p53. The induction of NAG-1 expression by AHPN is caused at least in part by an 8-fold increase in the stability of NAG-1 mRNA. In contrast to carcinoma cells, NAG-1 expression is effectively induced by retinoic acid and the RAR-selective pan-agonist in normal HTBE cells and accompanies the inhibition of squamous differentiation and the initiation of normal differentiation. In vivo, NAG-1 expression was observed in the normal tracheobronchial epithelium, whereas no expression was found in either squamous metaplastic tracheal epithelium or in sections of human lung tumors. Our results suggest that the induction of NAG-1 expression by retinoids in normal HTBE and lung carcinoma cells is regulated by distinct mechanisms and is associated with different biological processes. The linkage between AHPN treatment and NAG-1 expression revealed in this study provides a new mechanism for the antitumorigenic activity of AHPN.
|GOAT ANTI-RABBIT IgG Fc HORSERADISH PEROXIDASE (HRP) CONJUGATED AFFINITY PURIFIED - Data Sheet|