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15-120 | Cell Cycle-G2/M Phase Pathway Explorer Antibody Minipack

3 vials/Pk  
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      Replacement Information
      Catalogue Number15-120
      Brand Family Upstate
      Trade Name
      • Upstate
      DescriptionCell Cycle-G2/M Phase Pathway Explorer Antibody Minipack
      Alternate Names
      • Cyclin-dependent kinase 1
      • cell cycle controller CDC2
      • cell division control protein 2 homolog
      • cell division cycle 2 protein
      • cell division cycle 2, G1 to S and G2 to M
      • p34 protein kinase
      • Dual specificity phosphatase Cdc25C
      • cell division cycle 25C
      • cell division cycle 25C protein
      • m-phase inducer phosphatase 3
      • mitosis inducer CDC25
      • phosphotyrosine phosphatase
      Background InformationPathway Explorer Antibody MiniPack:
      Each Pathway Explorer Antibody Minipack contains three related antibodies as part of a signaling cascade or a combination of total and phosphorylated forms of key signaling targets. Each of the three antibodies are 30% the original pack size. Full size versions of each of the Pathway Explorer antibodies are available for sale individually under the same catalog number with the removal of “SP” off of each one (e.g. 05-591SP can be ordered as 05-591).

      Cyclin B1:
      Regulation of cell cycle progression in eukaryotic cells depends on the expression of cyclin proteins. These proteins are the regulatory subunits of the cell cycle dependent kinases that are responsible for the phosphorylation of several cellular targets. The B cyclins, when combined with p34cdc2, a catalytic subunit of the cell cycle dependent kinase, form an enzyme that is active at the transition to the G2 phase, attaining maximum level at M phase. At that phase, the complex associates with condensed chromosomes in prophase and metaphase and is degraded at the metaphase-anaphase transition.
      Anti-Cyclin B1 may be used for the detection of cyclin B1 expression and for measuring relative differences in cyclin B1 level as a function of cell cycle phase.

      Entry of all eukaryotic cells into mitosis is regulated by activation of cdc2 kinase. Activation of cdc2 is controlled at several steps including cyclin binding and phosphorylation of Thr161. However, the critical regulatory step in activating cdc2 during progression into mitosis appears to be dephosphorylation of Tyr15 and Thr14. Phosphorylation at Tyr15 and inhibition of cdc2 is carried out by Wee1 and Myt1 protein kinases, while Tyr15 dephosphorylation and activation of cdc2 is carried out by the cdc25 phosphatase. Expression of cdc2 plays a critical role in cell transition through the G2/M phase. The activity of cdc2 in dividing cells increases at the onset of M phase coincident with disassembly of the cell nucleus, generation of mitotic spindles and chromosome condensation. Several proteins including Histone H1 and pp60src are substrates for cdc2.

      The activity of cyclin-dependent kinases is regulated by their phosphorylation status, which is controlled by the antagonistic action of CDC25 phosphatases. Three CDC25 genes are present in human cells: CDC25A, CDC25B and CDC25C. CDC25C is a ~56 kDa dual specific protein phosphatase that controls entry into mitosis by regulating the dephosphorylation of the Cdk1/cyclin B complex. Phosphorylation of Cdc25C creates a binding site for 14-3-3 protein which inhibits Cdc25C. This prevents activation of the Cdk1/cyclin B complex and prevents mitotic entry. Cdc25C is phosphorylated by checkpoint kinases throughout interphase but becomes dephosphorylated during mitosis. Cdc25C is also regulated by p53 via a p53 response element in its promoter, and it is predominantly expressed in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

      *See full size versions for corresponding references.
      Product Information
      • 05-373SP Anti-Cyclin B1; 60 µg
      • 06-923SP Anti-cdk1/cdc2 (PSTAIR); 60 µg
      • 05-507SP Anti-cdc25C, clone TC-15; 30 µg
      Presentation3 individual tubes containing either Anti-Cyclin B1;Anti-cdk1/cdc2 (PSTAIR); or Anti-cdc25C, clone TC-15
      PropertiesEach vial is 30% the size of the parent catalog number
      ApplicationThis Antibody pack contains Anti-Cyclin B1 Antibody, Anti-cdk1/cdc2 Antibody(PSTAIR), Anti-cdc25C Antibody.
      Biological Information
      Gene Symbol
      • CDC25
      • EC
      • CDC28A
      • CDK1
      • EC,
      • EC
      • DKFZp686L20222
      • MGC111195
      Physicochemical Information
      Materials Information
      Toxicological Information
      Safety Information according to GHS
      Safety Information
      Product Usage Statements
      Usage Statement
      • Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.
      Storage and Shipping Information
      Packaging Information
      Material Size3 vials/Pk
      Transport Information
      Supplemental Information




      Safety Data Sheet (SDS) 


      Reference overviewPub Med ID
      Association between ?4 integrin cytoplasmic tail and non-muscle myosin IIA regulates cell migration.
      Leslie A Rivera Rosado,Troy A Horn,Sara C McGrath,Robert J Cotter,Joy T Yang
      Journal of cell science 124 2011

      Show Abstract
      21224395 21224395
      alpha4 beta1-Integrin regulates directionally persistent cell migration in response to shear flow stimulation.
      Dustin A Dikeman,Leslie A Rivera Rosado,Troy A Horn,Christina S Alves,Konstantinos Konstantopoulos,Joy T Yang
      American journal of physiology. Cell physiology 295 2008

      Show Abstract Full Text Article
      18495811 18495811


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