219265 | Catalase Assay Kit

219265
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      Overview

      Replacement Information

      Key Specifications Table

      Detection Methods
      Colorimetric

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      219265-1KIT
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          Description
          OverviewA sensitive spectrophotometric assay (540 nm) for the measurement of catalase (CAT) activity in plasma, serum, erythrocyte lysates, tissue homogenates, and cell lysates. Assay range: 0.25-4 nmol/min/ml. Contains sufficient reagents for 96 tests.
          Catalogue Number219265
          Brand Family Calbiochem®
          Materials Required but Not Delivered A plate reader with a 540 nm filter
          An adjustable pipettor and a repeat pipettor
          A source of pure water. Glass distilled water or HPLC-grade water is acceptable
          PBS, pH 7.4 (sample preparation)
          50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, 1 mM EDTA, pH 7.0 or equivalent buffer for tissue and cell sample preparation
          Methanol
          References
          ReferencesWheeler, C.R., et al. 1990. Anal. Biochem. 184, 193;
          Johansson, L.H., et al. 1988. Anal. Biochem. 174, 331.
          Product Information
          Detection methodColorimetric
          Form96 Tests
          Format96-well plate
          Kit containsAssay Buffer, Sample Buffer, Formaldehyde Standard, Catalase, Potassium Hydroxide, Methanol, Hydrogen Peroxide, Purpald (Chromogen), Potassium Periodate, 96 Well Plate, Plate Cover
          Applications
          Biological Information
          Assay range0.25-4 nmol/min/ml
          Assay time2 h
          Sample TypePlasma, serum, erythrocyte lysates, tissue homogenates, and cell lysates
          Physicochemical Information
          Dimensions
          Materials Information
          Toxicological Information
          Safety Information according to GHS
          Safety Information
          Product Usage Statements
          Storage and Shipping Information
          Ship Code Blue Ice Only
          Toxicity Multiple Toxicity Values, refer to MSDS
          Hazardous Materials Attention: Due to the nature of the Hazardous Materials in this shipment, additional shipping charges may be applied to your order. Certain sizes may be exempt from the additional hazardous materials shipping charges. Please contact your local sales office for more information regarding these charges.
          Storage +2°C to +8°C
          Storage ConditionsUpon arrival store the entire contents of the kit at 4°C.
          Do not freeze Ok to freeze
          Packaging Information
          Transport Information
          Supplemental Information
          Kit containsAssay Buffer, Sample Buffer, Formaldehyde Standard, Catalase, Potassium Hydroxide, Methanol, Hydrogen Peroxide, Purpald (Chromogen), Potassium Periodate, 96 Well Plate, Plate Cover
          Specifications

          Documentation

          SDS

          Title

          Safety Data Sheet (SDS) 

          Certificates of Analysis

          TitleLot Number
          219265

          References

          Reference overview
          Wheeler, C.R., et al. 1990. Anal. Biochem. 184, 193;
          Johansson, L.H., et al. 1988. Anal. Biochem. 174, 331.
          User Protocol

          Revision11-January-2018 JSW
          Form96 Tests
          Format96-well plate
          Detection methodColorimetric
          StorageUpon arrival store the entire contents of the kit at 4°C.
          BackgroundCatalase (EC 1.11.1.6; 2H2O2 oxidoreductase) is an ubiquitous antioxidant enzyme that is present in most aerobic cells. Catalase (CAT) is involved in the detoxification of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), a reactive oxygen species (ROS), which is a toxic product of both normal aerobic metabolism and pathogenic ROS production. This enzyme catalyzes the conversion of two molecules of H2O2 to molecular oxygen and two molecules of water (catalytic activity). CAT also demonstrates peroxidatic activity, in which low molecular weight alcohols can serve as electron donors. While aliphatic alcohols serve as specific substrates for CAT, other enzymes with peroxidatic activity do not utilize these substrates.

          Figure 1: Catalytic and Peroxidatic Activity

          In humans, the highest levels of catalase are found in liver, kidney, and erythrocytes, where it is believed to account for the majority of hydrogen peroxide decomposition.
          Principles of the assayThe Calbiochem® Catalase Assay Kit utilizes the peroxidatic function of CAT for determination of enzyme activity. The method is based on the reaction of the enzyme with methanol in the presence of an optimal concentration of H₂O₂. The formaldehyde produced is measured spectrophotometrically with 4-amino-3-hydrazino-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole (Purpald) as the chromogen. Purpald specifically forms a bicyclic heterocycle with aldehydes, which upon oxidation changes from colorless to a purple color. The assay can be used to measure CAT activity in plasma, serum, erythrocyte lysates, tissue homogenates, and cell lysates.
          Materials providedPLEASE NOTE: Methanol is no longer provided with this kit.
          • 10X Assay Buffer (Kit Component No. KP31663): 1 vial, 5 ml
          • 10X Sample Buffer (Kit Component No. KP31664): 1 vial, 10 ml
          • Formaldehyde Standard (Kit Component No. KP31665): 1 vial, 100 µl
          • Catalase (control) (Kit Component No. KP31666): 1 vial
          • Potassium hydroxide (Kit Component No. KP31667): 1 vial, 2.24 g supplied as 4 ml of a 10 M solution
          • Hydrogen Peroxide (Kit Component No. KP31669): 1 vial, 1 ml
          • Purpald (chromogen) (Kit Component No. KP31670): 1 vial, 4 ml
          • Potassium Periodate (Kit Component No. KP31671): 1 vial, 1.5 ml
          • 96 Well Plate and Plate Sealer (Kit Component No. KP31625): 1 plate, 1 cover
          Materials Required but not provided A plate reader with a 540 nm filter
          An adjustable pipettor and a repeat pipettor
          A source of pure water. Glass distilled water or HPLC-grade water is acceptable
          PBS, pH 7.4 (sample preparation)
          50 mM potassium phosphate buffer, 1 mM EDTA, pH 7.0 or equivalent buffer for tissue and cell sample preparation
          Methanol
          Precautions and recommendations Please read these instructions carefully before beginning this assay. It is also recommended thtat the MSDS be carefully reviewed.
          It is recommended to take appropriate precautions when using the kit reagents (i.e., lab coat, gloves, eye goggles, etc.) as some of them can be harmful. The MSDS is available upon request.
          Hydrogen peroxide is corrosive and is harmful if swallowed. Contact with skin may cause burns. In case of contact with skin or eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water for 15 min. Keep away from combustible materials.
          Formaldehyde is carcinogenic. It is toxic if inhaled, ingested, or if in contact with skin. In case of contact with skin or eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water for 15 min. Keep away from combustible materials.
          Potassium hydroxide is corrosive and is harmful if swallowed. Contact with skin may cause burns. In case of contact with skin or eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water for 15 min. Keep away from combustible materials. Heat is generated when potassium hydroxide pellets are dissolved in water.
          Purpald is an irritant. In case of contact with skin or eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water for 15 min.
          Potassium periodate is an oxidizer and an irritant. In case of contact with skin or eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water for 15 min.
          Hydrochloric acid is corrosive and is harmful if swallowed. Contact with skin may cause burns. In case of contact with skin or eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water for 15 min.
          Pipetting Hints:
          a. It is recommended that a repeat pipettor be used to deliver reagents to the wells. This saves time and helps to maintain more precise incubation times.
          b. Before pipetting each reagent, equilibrate the pipet tip (i.e., fill the tip and expel the contents several times).
          c. Do not expose the pipet tip to the reagent(s) already in the well.
          PreparationNote: Overheating can inactivate catalase. The enzyme should be kept cold during sample preparation and assaying. In general, catalase is very unstable at high dilution. It is recommended to store samples concentrated and assay within 30 min after dilution. A. Tissue Homogenates 1. Prior to dissection, either perfuse tissue or rinse tissue with a phosphate buffered saline (PBS) solution, pH 7.4, to remove any red blood cells and clots. 2. Homogenize the tissue on ice in 5-10 ml cold buffer (i.e., 50 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.0, containing 1 mM EDTA) per gram tissue. 3. Centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 15 min at 4°C. 4. Remove the supernatant for assay and store on ice. If not assaying on the same day, freeze the sample at -80°C. The sample will be stable for at least one month. B. Cell Lysates 1. Collect cells by centrifugation (i.e., 1000-2000 x g for 10 min at 4°C). For adherent cells, do not harvest using proteolytic enzymes; rather use a rubber policeman. 2. Homogenize or sonicate the cell pellet on ice in 1-2 ml cold buffer (i.e., 50 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.0, containing 1 mM EDTA). 3. Centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 15 min at 4°C. 4. Remove the supernatant for assay and store on ice. If not assaying on the same day, freeze the sample at -80°C. The sample will be stable for at least one month. C. Plasma and Erythrocyte Lysates 1. Collect blood using an anticoagulant such as heparin, citrate, or EDTA. 2. Centrifuge the blood at 700-1000 x g for 10 min at 4°C. Pipet off the top yellow plasma layer without disturbing the white buffy layer. Store plasma on ice until assaying or freeze at -80°C. The plasma sample will be stable for at least one month. 3. Remove the white buffy layer (leukocytes) and discard. 4. Lyse the erythrocytes (red blood cells) in 4 times the packed volume with ice-cold HPLC-grade water. 5. Centrifuge at 10,000 x g for 15 min at 4°C. 6. Collect the supernatant (erythrocyte lysate) for assaying and store on ice. If not assaying the same day, freeze at -80°C. The sample will be stable for at least one month. D. Serum 1. Collect blood without using an anticoagulant such as heparin, citrate, or EDTA. Allow blood to clot for 30 min at 25°C. 2. Centrifuge the blood at 2000 x g for 15 min at 4°C. Pipet off the top yellow serum layer without disturbing the white buffy layer. Store serum on ice. If not assaying the same day, freeze at -80°C. The sample will be stable for at least one month.
          Reagent preparation• 1X Assay Buffer: Dilute 2 ml 10X Assay Buffer concentrate with 18 ml of HPLC-grade water. This final 1X Assay Buffer (100 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.0) should be used in the assay. When stored at 4°C, this diluted 1X Assay Buffer is stable for at least two months. • 1X Sample Buffer: Dilute 5 ml 10X Sample Buffer concentrate with 45 ml of HPLC-grade water. This final 1X Sample Buffer (25 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.5, containing 1 mM EDTA and 0.1% BSA) should be used to dilute the formaldehyde standards, Catalase (Control), and samples prior to assaying. When stored at 4°C, this diluted 1X Sample Buffer is stable for at least two months. • Formaldehyde Standard: This vial contains 4.25 M formaldehyde. The reagent is ready to use as supplied. • Catalase (Control): This vial contains a lyophilized powder of bovine liver Catalase (CAT) and is used as a positive control. Reconstitute the CAT by adding 2 ml 1X Sample Buffer to the vial and vortex well. Take 100 µl of the reconstituted enzyme and dilute with 1.9 ml 1X Sample Buffer. A 20 µl aliquot of this diluted enzyme per well causes an absorbance of ~0.29 after subtracting the background absorbance. The diluted enzyme is stable for 30 min. The reconstituted CAT is stable for one month at -20°C. • Potassium Hydroxide: The vial contains potassium hydroxide (KOH) pellets. Place the vial on ice, add 4 ml cold HPLC-grade water, and vortex to yield a 10 M solution. [CAUTION: Heat is generated when potassium hydroxide pellets are dissolved in water. The KOH solution is stable for at least three months if stored at 4°C.] • Hydrogen Peroxide: This vial contains an 8.82 M solution of hydrogen peroxide. Dilute 40 µl Hydrogen Peroxide with 9.96 ml HPLC-grade water. The dilute Hydrogen Peroxide solution is stable for 2 h. • Purpald (Chromogen): This vial contains a solution of 4-amino-3-hydrazino-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole (Purpald) in 0.5 M hydrochloric acid. The reagent is ready to use as supplied. • Potassium Periodate: This vial contains a solution of potassium periodate in 0.5 M potassium hydroxide. The reagent is ready to use as supplied.
          Detailed protocolNotes:
          The final volume of the assay is 240 µl in all the wells.
          All reagents except samples must be equilibrated to room temperature before beginning the assay.
          It is not necessary to use all the wells on the plate at one time.
          If the expected CAT activity of the sample is not known or if it is expected to be beyond the range of the standard curve, it is prudent to assay the sample at several dilutions.
          It is recommended that the samples and formaldehyde standards be assayed at least in duplicate.
          Use the 1X Assay Buffer in the assay.
          Monitor the absorbance at 540 nm using a plate reader.

          1. Prepare the Formaldehyde Standards: Dilute 10 µl Formaldehyde Standard with 9.99 ml 1X Sample Buffer to obtain a 4.25 mM Formaldehyde Standard stock solution. Label seven clean glass test tubes A-G. Add the amount of Formaldehyde Standard and 1X Sample Buffer to each tube as described in Table 1 (see below).

          Table 1: Example Dilutions

          *Final formaldehyde concentration in the 170 µl reaction.


          2. Formaldehyde Standard Wells: Add 100 µl 1X Assay Buffer, 30 µl Methanol, and 20 µl Formaldehyde Standards (tubes A-G) per well in designated wells on the plate (see sample plate format, Figure 3).
          3. Positive Control Wells (bovine liver CAT): Add 100 µl 1X Assay Buffer, 30 µl Methanol, and 20 µl diluted Catalase (Control) to 2 designated wells.
          4. Sample Wells: Add 100 µl 1X Assay Buffer, 30 µl Methanol, and 20 µl sample to 2 designated wells per sample. To obtain reproducible results, the amount of CAT added to the well should result in an activity between 0.25-4 nmol/min/ml. When necessary, samples should be diluted with 1X Sample Buffer or concentrated with an Amicon centrifuge concentrator with a molecular weight cut-off of 100,000 to bring the enzymatic activity to this level.
          5. Initiate the reactions by adding 20 µl dilute Hydrogen Peroxide to all the wells containing standards, controls, and samples. Make sure to note the precise time the reaction is initiated and add the Hydrogen Peroxide as quickly as possible.
          6. Cover the plate with the Plate Sealer and incubate on a shaker for 20 min at room temperature.
          7. Add 30 µl Potassium Hydroxide to each well to terminate the reaction and then add 30 µl Purpald (Chromogen) to each well.
          8. Cover the plate with the Plate Sealer and incubate for 10 min at room temperature on the shaker.
          9. Add 10 µl Potassium Periodate to each well. Cover with the Plate Sealer and incubate for 5 min at room temperature on a shaker.
          10. Read the absorbance at 540 nm using a plate reader.
          CalculationsCalculating the Results a. Calculate the average absorbances of each standard and sample. b. Subtract the average absorbance of standard A from itself and all other standards and samples. c. Plot the corrected absorbance of standards (from step 2 above) as a function of final formaldehyde concentration (µM) from Table 1. See Figure 1 (below) for a typical standard curve.

          Figure 2: Typical Formaldehyde Standard Curve.

          d. Calculate the formaldehyde concentration of the samples using the equation obtained from the linear regression of the standard curve substituting corrected absorbance values for each sample.

          Figure 3: Formaldehyde Concentration Equation

          e. Calculate the catalase activity of the sample using the following equation. One unit is defined as the amount of enzyme that will cause the formation of 1.0 nmol formaldehyde per min at 25°C.

          Figure 4: Activity Equation

          Sensitivity NotesThe dynamic range of the assay is limited only by the accuracy of the absorbance measurement. Most plate readers are linear to an absorbance of 1.2. Samples containing CAT activity between 0.25-4 nmol/min/ml can be assayed without further dilution or concentration.
          Assay Range0.25-4 nmol/min/ml
          LinearityThe dose-response relationship for purified catalase from bovine liver was linear from 5- 80 ng of protein (see Figure 2). Tissue homogenates, cell lysates, plasma, serum, and erythrocyte lysates also exhibited a linear relationship between the amount of sample and catalase activity over a wide range.

          Figure 5: Absorbance vs Bovine Liver Catalase (ng)

          Plate configuration

          Figure 6: Sample Plate Format

          There is no specific pattern for using the wells on the plate. We suggest that there be at least two wells designated as positive controls.A typical layout of formaldehyde standards and samples to be measured in duplicate is given.

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