Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|B, Gp, H, M, R, Rb||WB, IH(P)||M||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-TIMP-2 Antibody, clone 2TMP05|
|Presentation||Purified from ascites fluid by Protein A chromatography. 10mM PBS, pH 7.4, with 0.2% BSA and 0.09% sodium azide.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Antibody with sodium azide is stable for 12 months after date of receipt when stored at 2-8°C.|
|Material Size||100 µg|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|Diurnal variation of tight junction integrity associates inversely with matrix metalloproteinase expression in Xenopus laevis corneal epithelium: implications for circadian regulation of homeostatic surface cell desquamation. |
Wiechmann, AF; Ceresa, BP; Howard, EW
PloS one 9 e113810 2014
The corneal epithelium provides a protective barrier against pathogen entrance and abrasive forces, largely due to the intercellular junctional complexes between neighboring cells. After a prescribed duration at the corneal surface, tight junctions between squamous surface cells must be disrupted to enable them to desquamate as a component of the tissue homeostatic renewal. We hypothesize that matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) are secreted by corneal epithelial cells and cleave intercellular junctional proteins extracellularly at the epithelial surface. The purpose of this study was to examine the expression of specific MMPs and tight junction proteins during both the light and dark phases of the circadian cycle, and to assess their temporal and spatial relationships in the Xenopus laevis corneal epithelium.Expression of MMP-2, tissue inhibitor of MMP-2 (TIMP-2), membrane type 1-MMP (MT1-MMP) and the tight junction proteins occludin and claudin-4 were examined by confocal double-label immunohistochemistry on corneas obtained from Xenopus frogs at different circadian times. Occludin and claudin-4 expression was generally uniformly intact on the surface corneal epithelial cell lateral membranes during the daytime, but was frequently disrupted in small clusters of cells at night. Concomitantly, MMP-2 expression was often elevated in a mosaic pattern at nighttime and associated with clusters of desquamating surface cells. The MMP-2 binding partners, TIMP-2 and MT1-MMP were also localized to surface corneal epithelial cells during both the light and dark phases, with TIMP-2 tending to be elevated during the daytime.MMP-2 protein expression is elevated in a mosaic pattern in surface corneal epithelial cells during the nighttime in Xenopus laevis, and may play a role in homeostatic surface cell desquamation by disrupting intercellular junctional proteins. The sequence of MMP secretion and activation, tight junction protein cleavage, and subsequent surface cell desquamation and renewal may be orchestrated by nocturnal circadian signals.
|Histological, histochemical, and protein changes after induced malocclusion by occlusion alteration of Wistar rats. |
Guerra, Cde S; Carla Lara Pereira, Y; Issa, JP; Luiz, KG; Guimarães, EA; Gerlach, RF; Iyomasa, MM
BioMed research international 2014 563463 2014
Although disorders of the stomatognathic system are common, the mechanisms involved are unknown. Our objective was to study the changes in the masseter muscles after unilateral exodontia. Molar extraction was performed on Wistar rats (left side), and the animals were sacrificed after either 14 or 26 days. The masseter muscle was processed for histological analysis, conventional and in situ zymography, and immunohistochemistry. The morphological analysis showed unique and specific characteristics for the experimental group. By conventional zymography no significant values of 72 kDa MMP-2 (P less than 0.05) were found in both of the sides of masseter muscle after 14 and 26 days of unilateral extraction. The in situ zymography showed gelatinolytic activity on all deep masseter muscles, with significant increase on the contralateral side after 14 and 26 days (P less than 0.05). The immunohistochemistry demonstrated greater expression of MMP-2 than MMP-9 and MMP-14 in all masseter muscles and there were few differences in the staining of 4 TIMPs. This knowledge about morphology and molecular masticatory muscle remodeling following environmental interventions can be used to develop clinically successful treatments.
|Repeated autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell injections improve radiation-induced proctitis in pigs. |
Linard, C; Busson, E; Holler, V; Strup-Perrot, C; Lacave-Lapalun, JV; Lhomme, B; Prat, M; Devauchelle, P; Sabourin, JC; Simon, JM; Bonneau, M; Lataillade, JJ; Benderitter, M
Stem cells translational medicine 2 916-27 2013
The management of proctitis in patients who have undergone very-high-dose conformal radiotherapy is extremely challenging. The fibrosis-necrosis, fistulae, and hemorrhage induced by pelvic overirradiation have an impact on morbidity. Augmenting tissue repair by the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may be an important advance in treating radiation-induced toxicity. Using a preclinical pig model, we investigated the effect of autologous bone marrow-derived MSCs on high-dose radiation-induced proctitis. Irradiated pigs received repeated intravenous administrations of autologous bone marrow-derived MSCs. Immunostaining and real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis were used to assess the MSCs' effect on inflammation, extracellular matrix remodeling, and angiogenesis, in radiation-induced anorectal and colon damages. In humans, as in pigs, rectal overexposure induces mucosal damage (crypt depletion, macrophage infiltration, and fibrosis). In a pig model, repeated administrations of MSCs controlled systemic inflammation, reduced in situ both expression of inflammatory cytokines and macrophage recruitment, and augmented interleukin-10 expression in rectal mucosa. MSC injections limited radiation-induced fibrosis by reducing collagen deposition and expression of col1a2/col3a1 and transforming growth factor-β/connective tissue growth factor, and by modifying the matrix metalloproteinase/TIMP balance. In a pig model of proctitis, repeated injections of MSCs effectively reduced inflammation and fibrosis. This treatment represents a promising therapy for radiation-induced severe rectal damage.
|Angiotensin-II and rosuvastatin influence matrix remodeling in human mesangial cells via metalloproteinase modulation. |
Solini A, Rossi C, Santini E, Madec S, Salvati A, Ferrannini E.
Journal of hypertension 29 1930-9 2011
Persistent inflammation and oxidative stress influence the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in extracellular matrix remodeling. Statins show favorable anti-inflammatory effects in chronic kidney disease. We evaluated the effect of rosuvastatin on inflammatory and pro-fibrotic responses due to exposure to different glucose or free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations.
|HIV-1 gp120 upregulates matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in a rat model of HIV encephalopathy. |
Jean-Pierre Louboutin,Beverly A S Reyes,Lokesh Agrawal,Elisabeth J Van Bockstaele,David S Strayer
The European journal of neuroscience 34 2011
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are implicated in diverse processes, such as neuroinflammation, leakiness of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and direct cellular damage in neurodegenerative and other CNS diseases. Tissue destruction by MMPs is regulated by their endogenous tissue inhibitors (TIMPs). TIMPs prevent excessive MMP-related degradation of extracellular matrix components. In a rat model of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related encephalopathy, we described MMP-2 and MMP-9 upregulation by HIV-1 envelope gp120, probably via gp120-induced reactive oxygen species. Antioxidant gene delivery blunted gp120-induced MMP production. We also studied the effect of gp120 on TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 production. TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 levels increased 6 h after gp120 injection into rat caudate-putamen (CP). TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 colocalized mainly with neurons (92 and 95%, respectively). By 24 h, expression of these protease inhibitors diverged, as TIMP-1 levels remained high but TIMP-2 subsided. Gene delivery of the antioxidant enzymes Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase or glutathione peroxidase into the CP before injecting gp120 there reduced levels of gp120-induced TIMP-1 and TIMP-2, recapitulating the effect of antioxidant enzymes on gp120-induced MMP-2 and MMP-9. A significant correlation was observed between MMP/TIMP upregulation and BBB leakiness. Thus, HIV-1 gp120 upregulated TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 in the CP. Prior antioxidant enzyme treatment mitigated production of these TIMPs, probably by reducing MMP expression.
|Effect of doxycycline on postoperative scarring after trabeculectomy in an experimental rabbit model. |
Emine Sen,Melike Balikoglu-Yilmaz,Sibel Bozdag-Pehlivan,Nuran Sungu,Fatma Nur Aksakal,Ayse Altinok,Tulay Tuna,Nursen Unlu,Huseyin Ustun,Gultekin Koklu,Faruk Öztürk
Journal of ocular pharmacology and therapeutics : the official journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 26 2010
To investigate effectiveness of doxycycline after trabeculectomy in rabbits by evaluating bleb appearance, intraocular pressure, and levels of matrix metalloproteinase-1, -2, -3, and -9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 and -2 in the subconjunctival (sc) area.
|The carboxyl terminal trimer of procollagen I induces pro-metastatic changes and vascularization in breast cancer cells xenografts. |
Visigalli, D; Palmieri, D; Strangio, A; Astigiano, S; Barbieri, O; Casartelli, G; Zicca, A; Manduca, P
BMC cancer 9 59 2009
The COOH terminal peptide of Pro-collagen type I (PICP, also called C3) is chemotactic for endothelial melanoma and breast cancer cells. PICP induces the expression of Metalloproteinases-2 and -9, of Vascular endothelial growth factor and of the chemokine CXCL-12 receptor CXCR4 in MDA MB231 breast carcinoma cells in vitro.We used a model of xenografts in BalbC/nude mice obtaining tumors by implanting in contro-lateral subcutaneous positions MDA MB231 cells added or not with purified PICP and studied the earlier phases of tumor development, up to 48 days from implant, by histology, immunostain and in situ hybridization.Addition of PICP promotes rapid vascularization of the tumors while does not affect mitotic and apoptotic indexes and overall tumor growth. PICP-treated, relative to control tumors, show up-modulation of Vascular endothelial factor, Metalloproteinase-9 and CXCR4, all tumor prognostic genes; they also show down-modulation of the endogenous Metalloproteinase inhibitor, reversion-inducing-cysteine-rich protein with kazal motifs, and a different pattern of modulation of Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2. These changes occur in absence of detectable expression of CXCL-12, up to 38 days, in control and treated tumors.PICP has an early promoting effect in the acquisition by the tumors of prometastatic phenotype. PICP may be play a relevant role in the productive interactions between stroma and tumor cells by predisposing the tumor cells to respond to the proliferation stimuli ensuing the activation of signaling by engagement of CXCR4 by cytokines and by fostering their extravasion, due to the induction of increased vascular development.
|Anti-TIMP-2, clone 2TMP05 - Data Sheet|