Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|R, M||WB, ICC||Rb||Serum||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Presentation||Rabbit polyclonal antibody in serum with 0.05% sodium azide.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Material Size||100 µL|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|Caspr and caspr2 are required for both radial and longitudinal organization of myelinated axons. |
Gordon, A; Adamsky, K; Vainshtein, A; Frechter, S; Dupree, JL; Rosenbluth, J; Peles, E
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 34 14820-6 2014
In myelinated peripheral axons, Kv1 potassium channels are clustered at the juxtaparanodal region and at an internodal line located along the mesaxon and below the Schmidt-Lanterman incisures. This polarized distribution is controlled by Schwann cells and requires specific cell adhesion molecules (CAMs). The accumulation of Kv1 channels at the juxtaparanodal region depends on the presence of Caspr2 at this site, as well as on the presence of Caspr at the adjacent paranodal junction. However, the localization of these channels along the mesaxonal internodal line still persists in the absence of each one of these CAMs. By generating mice lacking both Caspr and Caspr2 (caspr(-/-)/caspr2(-/-)), we now reveal compensatory functions of the two proteins in the organization of the axolemma. Although Kv1 channels are clustered along the inner mesaxon and in a circumferential ring below the incisures in the single mutants, in sciatic nerves of caspr(-/-)/caspr2(-/-) mice, these channels formed large aggregates that were dispersed along the axolemma, demonstrating that internodal localization of Kv1 channels requires either Caspr or Caspr2. Furthermore, deletion of both Caspr and Caspr2 also resulted in widening of the nodes of Ranvier, suggesting that Caspr2 (which is present at paranodes in the absence of Caspr) can partially compensate for the barrier function of Caspr at this site even without the formation of a distinct paranodal junction. Our results indicate that Caspr and Caspr2 are required for the organization of the axolemma both radially, manifested as the mesaxonal line, and longitudinally, demarcated by the nodal domains.
|Organization of myelinated axons by Caspr and Caspr2 requires the cytoskeletal adapter protein 4.1B. |
Horresh, I; Bar, V; Kissil, JL; Peles, E
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 30 2480-9 2010
Caspr and Caspr2 regulate the formation of distinct axonal domains around the nodes of Ranvier. Caspr is required for the generation of a membrane barrier at the paranodal junction (PNJ), whereas Caspr2 serves as a membrane scaffold that clusters Kv1 channels at the juxtaparanodal region (JXP). Both Caspr and Caspr2 interact with protein 4.1B, which may link the paranodal and juxtaparanodal adhesion complexes to the axonal cytoskeleton. To determine the role of protein 4.1B in the function of Caspr proteins, we examined the ability of transgenic Caspr and Caspr2 mutants lacking their 4.1-binding sequence (d4.1) to restore Kv1 channel clustering in Caspr- and Caspr2-null mice, respectively. We found that Caspr-d4.1 was localized to the PNJ and is able to recruit the paranodal adhesion complex components contactin and NF155 to this site. Nevertheless, in axons expressing Caspr-d4.1, Kv1 channels were often detected at paranodes, suggesting that the interaction of Caspr with protein 4.1B is necessary for the generation of an efficient membrane barrier at the PNJ. We also found that the Caspr2-d4.1 transgene did not accumulate at the JXP, even though it was targeted to the axon, demonstrating that the interaction with protein 4.1B is required for the accumulation of Caspr2 and Kv1 channels at the juxtaparanodal axonal membrane. In accordance, we show that Caspr2 and Kv1 channels are not clustered at the JXP in 4.1B-null mice. Our results thus underscore the functional importance of protein 4.1B in the organization of peripheral myelinated axons.
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