Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H, M, R||FC, IF, IHC, IH(P), IP, WB||Rb||Purified||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Presentation||Rabbit monoclonal IgG in buffer containing 60% storage buffer (50 mM Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4), 0.15 M NaCl, 0.01% sodium azide and 0.05% BSA) and 40% glycerol.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Material Size||100 µL|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|Pharmacological inhibition of polycomb repressive complex-2 activity induces apoptosis in human colon cancer stem cells. |
Benoit, YD; Witherspoon, MS; Laursen, KB; Guezguez, A; Beauséjour, M; Beaulieu, JF; Lipkin, SM; Gudas, LJ
Experimental cell research 319 1463-70 2013
Colorectal cancer is among the leading causes of cancer death in the USA. The polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), including core components SUZ12 and EZH2, represents a key epigenetic regulator of digestive epithelial cell physiology and was previously shown to promote deleterious effects in a number of human cancers, including colon. Using colon cancer stem cells (CCSC) isolated from human primary colorectal tumors, we demonstrate that SUZ12 knockdown and treatment with DZNep, one of the most potent EZH2 inhibitors, increase apoptosis levels, marked by decreased Akt phosphorylation, in CCSCs, while embryonic stem (ES) cell survival is not affected. Moreover, DZNep treatments lead to increased PTEN expression in these highly tumorigenic cells. Taken together, our findings suggest that pharmacological inhibition of PRC2 histone methyltransferase activity may constitute a new, epigenetic therapeutic strategy to target highly tumorigenic and metastatic colon cancer stem cells.
|The curcumin analog EF24 targets NF-κB and miRNA-21, and has potent anticancer activity in vitro and in vivo. |
Yang, CH; Yue, J; Sims, M; Pfeffer, LM
PloS one 8 e71130 2013
EF24 is a curcumin analog that has improved anticancer activity over curcumin, but its therapeutic potential and mechanism of action is unknown, which is important to address as curcumin targets multiple signaling pathways. EF24 inhibits the NF-κB but not the JAK-STAT signaling pathway in DU145 human prostate cancer cells and B16 murine melanoma cells. EF24 induces apoptosis in these cells apparently by inhibiting miR-21 expression, and also enhances the expression of several miR-21 target genes, PTEN and PDCD4. EF24 treatment significantly suppressed the growth of DU145 prostate cancer xenografts in immunocompromised mice and resulted in tumor regression. EF24 enhanced the expression of the miR-21 target PTEN in DU145 tumor tissue, but suppressed the expression of markers of proliferating cells (cyclin D1 and Ki67). In syngeneic mice injected with B16 cells, EF24 treatment inhibited the formation of lung metastasis, prolonged animal survival, inhibited miR-21 expression and increased the expression of miR-21 target genes. Expression profiling of miRNAs regulated by EF24 in vitro and in vivo showed that the antitumor activity of EF24 reflected the enhanced expression of potential tumor suppressor miRNAs as well as the suppressed expression of oncogenic miRNAs, including miR-21. Taken together, our data suggest that EF24 is a potent anticancer agent and selectively targets NF-κB signaling and miRNA expression, indicating that EF24 has significant potential as a therapeutic agent in various cancers.
|S-nitrosylation of PTEN Invovled in ischemic brain injury in rat hippocampal CA1 region. |
Dong-Sheng Pei,Ya-Feng Sun,Yuan-Jian Song
Neurochemical research 34 2009
The tumor suppressor PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10) is not only a protein, but also a lipid phosphatase that can negatively regulate the serine/threonine kinase Akt. It has been reported that PTEN can be regulated by means of phosphorylation. However, whether PTEN can be regulated by another post-translational protein modification (S-nitrosylation) was not fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the S-nitrosylation of PTEN during transient cerebral ischemia/reperfusion in rat hippocampus. Transient brain ischemia was induced by the four-vessel occlusion in Sprague-Dawley rats. Our data show that S-nitrosylation of PTEN was increased significantly after 12 h of reperfusion compared with sham control. Pretreatment with the inhibitor of nNOS (7-NI) and the inhibitor of iNOS could inhibit PTEN's activity and decrease S-nitrosylation of PTEN. Taken together, these results indicate that nitric oxide could regulate PTEN's activity via S-nitrosylation during transient global ischemia in rat hippocampus.
|Cooperative phosphorylation of the tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) by casein kinases and glycogen synthase kinase 3beta |
Al-Khouri, Anna Maria, et al
J Biol Chem, 280:35195-202 (2005) 2005
|Combined efficacy of nisin and pediocin with sodium lactate, citric acid, phytic acid, and potassium sorbate and EDTA in reducing the Listeria monocytogenes population of inoculated fresh-cut produce. |
Bari ML, Ukuku DO, Kawasaki T, Inatsu Y, Isshiki K, Kawamoto S
J Food Prot 68 1381-7. 2005
The inability of chlorine to completely inactivate human bacterial pathogens on whole and fresh-cut produce suggests a need for other antimicrobial washing treatments. Nisin (50 microg/ml) and pediocin (100 AU/ml) individually or in combination with sodium lactate (2%), potassium sorbate (0.02%), phytic acid (0.02%), and citric acid (10 mM) were tested as possible sanitizer treatments for reducing the population of Listeria monocytogenes on cabbage, broccoli, and mung bean sprouts. Cabbage, broccoli, and mung bean sprouts were inoculated with a five-strain cocktail of L. monocytogenes at 4.61, 4.34, and 4.67 log CFU/g, respectively. Inoculated produce was left at room temperature (25 degrees C) for up to 4 h before antimicrobial treatment. Washing treatments were applied to inoculated produce for 1 min, and surviving bacterial populations were determined. When tested alone, all compounds resulted in 2.20- to 4.35-log reductions of L. monocytogenes on mung bean, cabbage, and broccoli, respectively. The combination treatments nisin-phytic acid and nisin-pediocin-phytic acid caused significant (P < 0.05) reductions of L. monocytogenes on cabbage and broccoli but not on mung bean sprouts. Pediocin treatment alone or in combination with any of the organic acid tested was more effective in reducing L. monocytogenes populations than the nisin treatment alone. Although none of the combination treatments completely eliminated the pathogen on the produce, the results suggest that some of the treatments evaluated in this study can be used to improve the microbial safety of fresh-cut cabbage, broccoli, and mung bean sprouts.
|Spatial and temporal regulation of 3-phosphoinositides by PI 3-kinase and PTEN mediates chemotaxis |
Funamoto, Satoru, et al
Cell, 109:611-23 (2002) 2002
|The multiple roles of PTEN in tumor suppression |
Di Cristofano, A and Pandolfi, P P
Cell, 100:387-90 (2000) 2000