Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|R||IP, WB||Rb||Purified||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-Na+/K+ ATPase β-1 Antibody|
|Presentation||whole antiserum containing 0.05% sodium azide|
|Application||Anti-Na+/K+ ATPase β-1 Antibody is an antibody against Na+/K+ ATPase β-1 for use in IP & WB.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||2 years at -20°C|
|Material Size||200 µL|
|Anti-Na<sup>+</sup>/K<sup>+</sup> ATPase beta;-1 - 15436||15436|
|Anti-Na<sup>+</sup>/K<sup>+</sup> ATPase beta;-1 - 15657||15657|
|Anti-Na<sup>+</sup>/K<sup>+</sup> ATPase beta;-1 - 19997||19997|
|Reference overview||Application||Pub Med ID|
|Fibro-vascular coupling in the control of cochlear blood flow.|
Dai, M; Shi, X
PloS one 6 e20652 2011
Transduction of sound in the cochlea is metabolically demanding. The lateral wall and hair cells are critically vulnerable to hypoxia, especially at high sound levels, and tight control over cochlear blood flow (CBF) is a physiological necessity. Yet despite the importance of CBF for hearing, consensus on what mechanisms are involved has not been obtained.We report on a local control mechanism for regulating inner ear blood flow involving fibrocyte signaling. Fibrocytes in the super-strial region are spatially distributed near pre-capillaries of the spiral ligament of the albino guinea pig cochlear lateral wall, as demonstrably shown in transmission electron microscope and confocal images. Immunohistochemical techniques reveal the inter-connected fibrocytes to be positive for Na+/K+ ATPase ?1 and S100. The connected fibrocytes display more Ca(2+) signaling than other cells in the cochlear lateral wall as indicated by fluorescence of a Ca(2+) sensor, fluo-4. Elevation of Ca(2+) in fibrocytes, induced by photolytic uncaging of the divalent ion chelator o-nitrophenyl EGTA, results in propagation of a Ca(2+) signal to neighboring vascular cells and vasodilation in capillaries. Of more physiological significance, fibrocyte to vascular cell coupled signaling was found to mediate the sound stimulated increase in cochlear blood flow (CBF). Cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) was required for capillary dilation.The findings provide the first evidence that signaling between fibrocytes and vascular cells modulates CBF and is a key mechanism for meeting the cellular metabolic demand of increased sound activity.Full Text Article
|Altered thermoregulation via sensitization of A1 adenosine receptors in dietary-restricted rats.|
Jinka, TR; Carlson, ZA; Moore, JT; Drew, KL
Psychopharmacology 209 217-24 2010
Evidence links longevity to dietary restriction (DR). A decrease in body temperature (T(b)) is thought to contribute to enhanced longevity because lower T(b) reduces oxidative metabolism and oxidative stress. It is as yet unclear how DR decreases T(b).Here, we test the hypothesis that prolonged DR decreases T(b) by sensitizing adenosine A(1) receptors (A(1)AR) and adenosine-induced cooling.Sprague-Dawley rats were dietary restricted using an every-other-day feeding protocol. Rats were fed every other day for 27 days and then administered the A(1)AR agonist, N(6)-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA; 0.5 mg/kg, i.p.). Respiratory rate (RR) and subcutaneous T(b) measured using IPTT-300 transponders were monitored every day and after drug administration. DR animals displayed lower RR on day 20 and lower T(b) on day 22 compared to animals fed ad libitum and displayed a larger response to CHA. In all cases, RR declined before T(b). Contrary to previous reports, a higher dose of CHA (5 mg/kg, i.p.) was lethal in both dietary groups. We next tested the hypothesis that sensitization to the effects of CHA was due to increased surface expression of A(1)AR within the hypothalamus. We report that the abundance of A(1)AR in the membrane fraction increases in hypothalamus, but not cortex of DR rats.These results suggest that every-other-day feeding lowers T(b) via sensitization of thermoregulatory effects of endogenous adenosine by increasing surface expression of A(1)AR.Evidence that diet can modulate purinergic signaling has implications for the treatment of stroke, brain injury, epilepsy, and aging.
|Biochemical characterization of native usher protein complexes from a vesicular subfraction of tracheal epithelial cells.|
M Zallocchi, JH Sisson, D Cosgrove
Biochemistry 49 1236-47 2010
Usher syndrome is the major cause of deaf/blindness in the world. It is a genetic heterogeneous disorder, with nine genes already identified as causative for the disease. We noted expression of all known Usher proteins in bovine tracheal epithelial cells and exploited this system for large-scale biochemical analysis of Usher protein complexes. The dissected epithelia were homogenized in nondetergent buffer and sedimented on sucrose gradients. At least two complexes were evident after the first gradient: one formed by specific isoforms of CDH23, PCDH15, and VLGR-1 and a different one at the top of the gradient that included all of the Usher proteins and rab5, a transport vesicle marker. TEM analysis of these top fractions found them enriched in 100-200 nm vesicles, confirming a vesicular association of the Usher complex(es). Immunoisolation of these vesicles confirmed some of the associations already predicted and identified novel interactions. When the vesicles are lysed in the presence of phenylbutyrate, most of the Usher proteins cosediment into the gradient at a sedimentation coefficient of approximately 50 S, correlating with a predicted molecular mass of 2 x 10(6) Da. Although it is still unclear whether there is only one complex or several independent complexes that are trafficked within distinct vesicular pools, this work shows for the first time that native Usher protein complexes occur in vivo. This complex(es) is present primarily in transport vesicles at the apical pole of tracheal epithelial cells, predicting that Usher proteins may be directionally transported as complexes in hair cells and photoreceptors.Full Text Article
|Characterization of the phospholemman knockout mouse heart: depressed left ventricular function with increased Na-K-ATPase activity.|
Bell, JR; Kennington, E; Fuller, W; Dighe, K; Donoghue, P; Clark, JE; Jia, LG; Tucker, AL; Moorman, JR; Marber, MS; Eaton, P; Dunn, MJ; Shattock, MJ
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology 294 H613-21 2008
Phospholemman (PLM, FXYD1), abundantly expressed in the heart, is the primary cardiac sarcolemmal substrate for PKA and PKC. Evidence supports the hypothesis that PLM is part of the cardiac Na-K pump complex and provides the link between kinase activity and pump modulation. PLM has also been proposed to modulate Na/Ca exchanger activity and may be involved in cell volume regulation. This study characterized the phenotype of the PLM knockout (KO) mouse heart to further our understanding of PLM function in the heart. PLM KO mice were bred on a congenic C57/BL6 background. In vivo conductance catheter measurements exhibited a mildly depressed cardiac contractile function in PLM KO mice, which was exacerbated when hearts were isolated and Langendorff perfused. There were no significant differences in action potential morphology in paced Langendorff-perfused hearts. Depressed contractile function was associated with a mild cardiac hypertrophy in PLM KO mice. Biochemical analysis of crude ventricular homogenates showed a significant increase in Na-K-ATPase activity in PLM KO hearts compared with wild-type controls. SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis of ventricular homogenates revealed small, nonsignificant changes in Na- K-ATPase subunit expression, with two-dimensional gel (isoelectric focusing, SDS-PAGE) analysis revealing minimal changes in ventricular protein expression, indicating that deletion of PLM was the primary reason for the observed PLM KO phenotype. These studies demonstrate that PLM plays an important role in the contractile function of the normoxic mouse heart. Data are consistent with the hypothesis that PLM modulates Na-K-ATPase activity, indirectly affecting intracellular Ca and hence contractile function.
|A novel family of transmembrane proteins interacting with beta subunits of the Na,K-ATPase.|
Gorokhova, S; Bibert, S; Geering, K; Heintz, N
Human molecular genetics 16 2394-410 2007
We characterized a family consisting of four mammalian proteins of unknown function (NKAIN1, 2, 3 and 4) and a single Drosophila ortholog dNKAIN. Aside from highly conserved transmembrane domains, NKAIN proteins contain no characterized functional domains. Striking amino acid conservation in the first two transmembrane domains suggests that these proteins are likely to function within the membrane bilayer. NKAIN family members are neuronally expressed in multiple regions of the mouse brain, although their expression is not ubiquitous. We demonstrate that mouse NKAIN1 interacts with the beta1 subunit of the Na,K-ATPase, whereas Drosophila ortholog dNKAIN interacts with Nrv2.2, a Drosophila homolog of the Na,K-ATPase beta subunits. We also show that NKAIN1 can form a complex with another beta subunit-binding protein, MONaKA, when binding to the beta1 subunit of the Na,K-ATPase. Our results suggest that a complex between mammalian NKAIN1 and MONaKA is required for NKAIN function, which is carried out by a single protein, dNKAIN, in Drosophila. This hypothesis is supported by the fact that dNKAIN, but not NKAIN1, induces voltage-independent amiloride-insensitive Na(+)-specific conductance that can be blocked by lanthanum. Drosophila mutants with decreased dNKAIN expression due to a P-element insertion in the dNKAIN gene exhibit temperature-sensitive paralysis, a phenotype also caused by mutations in the Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit and several ion channels. The neuronal expression of NKAIN proteins, their membrane localization and the temperature-sensitive paralysis of NKAIN Drosophila mutants strongly suggest that this novel protein family may be critical for neuronal function.
|MONaKA, a novel modulator of the plasma membrane Na,K-ATPase.|
Mao, H; Ferguson, TS; Cibulsky, SM; Holmqvist, M; Ding, C; Fei, H; Levitan, IB
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 25 7934-43 2005
We have cloned and characterized mouse and human variants of MONaKA, a novel protein that interacts with and modulates the plasma membrane Na,K-ATPase. MONaKA was cloned based on its sequence homology to the Drosophila Slowpoke channel-binding protein dSlob, but mouse and human MONaKA do not bind to mammalian Slowpoke channels. At least two splice variants of MONaKA exist; the splicing is conserved perfectly between mouse and human, suggesting that it serves some important function. Both splice variants of MONaKA are expressed widely throughout the CNS and peripheral nervous system, with different splice variant expression ratios in neurons and glia. A yeast two-hybrid screen with MONaKA as bait revealed that it binds tightly to the beta1 and beta3 subunits of the Na,K-ATPase. The association between MONaKA and Na,K-ATPase beta subunits was confirmed further by coimmunoprecipitation from transfected cells, mouse brain, and cultured mouse astrocytes. A glutathione S-transferase-MONaKA fusion protein inhibits Na,K-ATPase activity from whole brain or cultured astrocytes. Furthermore, transfection of MONaKA inhibits 86Rb+ uptake via the Na,K-ATPase in intact cells. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that MONaKA modulates brain Na,K-ATPase and may thereby participate in the regulation of electrical excitability and synaptic transmission.
|Na+-K+-ATPase properties in rat heart and skeletal muscle 3 mo after coronary artery ligation.|
Barr, DJ; Green, HJ; Lounsbury, DS; Rush, JW; Ouyang, J
Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) 99 656-64 2005
This study was designed to determine whether chronic heart failure (CHF) results in changes in Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase properties in heart and skeletal muscles of different fiber-type composition. Adult rats were randomly assigned to a control (Con; n = 8) or CHF (n = 8) group. CHF was induced by ligation of the left main coronary artery. Examination of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity (means +/- SE) 12 wk after the ligation measured, using the 3-O-methylfluorescein phosphatase assay (3-O-MFPase), indicated higher (P less than 0.05) levels in soleus (Sol) (250 +/- 13 vs. 179 +/- 18 nmol.mg protein(-1).h(-1)) and lower (P less than 0.05) levels in diaphragm (Dia) (200 +/- 12 vs. 272 +/- 27 nmol.mg protein(-1).h(-1)) and left ventricle (LV) (760 +/- 62 vs. 992 +/- 16 nmol.mg protein(-1).h(-1)) in CHF compared with Con, respectively. Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase protein content, measured by the [(3)H]ouabain binding technique, was higher (P less than 0.05) in white gastrocnemius (WG) (166 +/- 12 vs. 135 +/- 7.6 pmol/g wet wt) and lower (P less than 0.05) in Sol (193 +/- 20 vs. 260 +/- 8.6 pmol/g wet wt) and LV (159 +/- 10 vs. 221 +/- 10 pmol/g wet wt) in CHF compared with Con, respectively. Isoform content in CHF, measured by Western blot techniques, showed both increases (WG; P less than 0.05) and decreases (Sol; P less than 0.05) in alpha(1). For alpha(2), only increases [red gastrocnemius (RG), Sol, and Dia; P less than 0.05] occurred. The beta(2)-isoform was decreased (LV, Sol, RG, and WG; P less than 0.05) in CHF, whereas the beta(1) was both increased (WG and Dia; P less than 0.05) and decreased (Sol and LV; P less than 0.05). For beta(3), decreases (P less than 0.05) in RG were observed in CHF, whereas no differences were found in Sol and WG between CHF and Con. It is concluded that CHF results in alterations in Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase that are muscle specific and property specific. Although decreases in Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase content would appear to explain the lower 3-O-MFPase in the LV, such does not appear to be the case in skeletal muscles where a dissociation between these properties was observed.
|Contraction and intracellular Ca(2+) handling in isolated skeletal muscle of rats with congestive heart failure.|
P K Lunde, A J Dahlstedt, J D Bruton, J Lännergren, P Thorén, O M Sejersted, H Westerblad
Circulation research 88 1299-305 2001
A decreased exercise tolerance is a common symptom in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). This decrease has been suggested to be partly due to altered skeletal muscle function. Therefore, we have studied contractile function and cytoplasmic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i), measured with the fluorescent dye indo 1) in isolated muscles from rats in which CHF was induced by ligation of the left coronary artery. The results show no major changes of the contractile function and [Ca(2+)](i) handling in unfatigued intact fast-twitch fibers isolated from flexor digitorum brevis muscles of CHF rats, but these fibers were markedly more susceptible to damage during microdissection. Furthermore, CHF fibers displayed a marked increase of baseline [Ca(2+)](i) during fatigue. Isolated slow-twitch soleus muscles of CHF rats displayed slower twitch contraction and tetanic relaxation than did muscles from sham-operated rats; the slowing of relaxation became more pronounced during fatigue in CHF muscles. Immunoblot analyses of sarcoplasmic reticulum proteins and sarcolemma Na(+),K(+)-ATPase showed no difference in flexor digitorum brevis muscles of sham-operated versus CHF rats. In conclusion, functional impairments can be observed in limb muscle isolated from rats with CHF. These impairments seem to mainly involve structures surrounding the muscle cells and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) pumps, the dysfunction of which becomes obvious during fatigue.
|Isometric force and endurance in soleus muscle of thyroid hormone receptor-alpha(1)- or -beta-deficient mice.|
C Johansson, J Lännergren, P K Lunde, B Vennström, P Thorén, H Westerblad
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology 278 R598-603 2000
The specific role of each subtype of thyroid hormone receptor (TR) on skeletal muscle function is unclear. We have therefore studied kinetics of isometric twitches and tetani as well as fatigue resistance in isolated soleus muscles of R-alpha(1)- or -beta-deficient mice. The results show 20-40% longer contraction and relaxation times of twitches and tetani in soleus muscles from TR-alpha(1)-deficient mice compared with their wild-type controls. TR-beta-deficient mice, which have high thyroid hormone levels, were less fatigue resistant than their wild-type controls, but contraction and relaxation times were not different. Western blot analyses showed a reduced concentration of the fast-type sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCa1) in TR-alpha(1)-deficient mice, but no changes were observed in TR-beta-deficient mice compared with their respective controls. We conclude that in skeletal muscle, both TR-alpha(1) and TR-beta are required to get a normal thyroid hormone response.
|Biosynthesis and processing of epithelial sodium channels in Xenopus oocytes|
Valentijn, J. A., et al
J Biol Chem, 273:30344-51 (1998) 1998
|Immunoprecipitation, Immunoblotting (Western)||9804797|