|Preclinical evaluation of monoclonal antibody 14C5 for targeting pancreatic cancer. |
Liesbet Vervoort,Ingrid Burvenich,Steven Staelens,Caroline Dumolyn,Els Waegemans,Magali Van Steenkiste,Sarah K Baird,Andrew M Scott,Filip De Vos
Cancer biotherapy & radiopharmaceuticals
The use of radiolabeled antibodies that are able to target primary tumors as well as metastatic tumor sites with minimal reactivity to normal tissues is a promising approach for treating pancreatic cancer. In this study, the integrin alpha(v)beta(5) is studied as a target for the diagnosis of and potential therapy for human pancreatic cancer by using the radiolabeled murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) 14C5. Biopsy specimens from human pancreatic tumors were examined for the expression of the integrin alpha(v)beta(5). The pancreatic tumor cell line Capan-1 was used to test the in vitro targeting potency of mAb 14C5 labeled with 125/131-iodine and 111-indium. Internalization, retention, and metabolism were investigated in cellular radioimmunoassays. Biodistribution and tumor-targeting characteristics were studied in Capan-1 xenografts. All tumor sections were positive for the integrin alpha(v)beta(5), with an extensive positive staining of the stroma. Saturation binding experiments showed high affinity with comparable K(d)s. In vitro internalization experiments showed a longer intracellular retention of (111)In-p-benzyl isothiocyanate-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (p-SCN-Bz-DOTA)-14C5 in comparison to (125)I-14C5 and (111)In-p-isothiocyanatobenzyl diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (p-SCN-Bz-DTPA)-14C5. In vivo radioisotope tumor uptake was maximum at 48-72 hours, with the uptake of (111)In-p-SCN-Bz-DOTA-14C5 (35.84 +/- 8.64 percentage of injected dose per g [%ID/g]) being 3.9- and 2.2-folds higher than (131)I-14C5 (12.16 +/- 1.03%ID/g) and (111)In-p-SCN-Bz-DTPA-14C5 (14.30 +/- 3.76%ID/g), respectively. Planar gamma imaging with mAb 14C5 indicated clear localization of the pancreatic tumors versus minimal normal tissue uptake. mAb 14C5 is a promising new antibody for targeting the integrin alpha(v)beta(5) for the diagnosis of and potential therapy for pancreatic cancer.
|Fibroblast activation protein: purification, epitope mapping and induction by growth factors. |
W J Rettig,S L Su,S R Fortunato,M J Scanlan,B K Raj,P Garin-Chesa,J H Healey,L J Old
International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer
The human fibroblast activation protein (FAP) defined by monoclonal antibody (MAb) F19 is a cell surface antigen expressed in reactive stromal fibroblasts of breast, colorectal, lung and other epithelial cancers. In contrast to its stroma-specific localization in epithelial neoplasms, FAP is expressed in the malignant mesenchymal cells of bone and soft tissue sarcomas. FAP is transiently expressed in some fetal mesenchymal tissues but is absent or expressed at low levels in most adult tissues. FAP is induced in cultured fibroblasts and, in these cells, consists of a M(r) 95,000 subunit (FAP alpha) carrying the F19 epitope and a non-covalently bound M(r) 105,000 subunit (FAP beta) lacking the F19 epitope. Using MAb F19 and 5 newly derived MAbs, we identify 3 distinct epitopes on FAP alpha and tentatively assign one epitope to FAP beta. Analysis of detergent extracts of a FAP alpha high beta- sarcoma cell line by size exclusion-high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) revealed that FAP alpha does not elute as a M(r) 95,000 species but as part of a high-molecular weight complex (M(r) > 400,000) that dissociates into M(r) 95,000 subunits in SDS gels. Immunoaffinity purification of FAP alpha followed by tryptic digestion, reversed-phase HPLC and microsequencing identified 3 unique FAP alpha peptides, with 2 showing sequence similarity (23/38 identical amino acids) to segments of CD26, a T-cell activation antigen. CD26 is a membrane-bound enzyme (dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV), but immunopurified FAP alpha has little if any dipeptidase activity with typical CD26 substrates. Finally, studies with FAPlow leptomeningeal fibroblasts revealed that transforming growth factor-beta, 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate and retinoids can upregulate FAP expression, whereas serum and several other factors had no or little effect on FAP levels. FAP and CD26 may belong to a family of structurally related but functionally distinct activation proteins that are expressed on different cell types and show unique modes of regulation in normal and malignant cells.
|Antibody targeting in metastatic colon cancer: a phase I study of monoclonal antibody F19 against a cell-surface protein of reactive tumor stromal fibroblasts. |
S Welt,C R Divgi,A M Scott,P Garin-Chesa,R D Finn,M Graham,E A Carswell,A Cohen,S M Larson,L J Old
Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
To define the toxicity, imaging, and biodistribution characteristics of iodine 131-labeled monoclonal antibody F19 (131I-mAbF19). MAbF19 recognizes the fibroblast activation protein (FAP), a cell-surface glycoprotein not present in most normal tissues, but abundantly expressed by reactive stromal fibroblasts of epithelial cancers, including more than 95% of primary and metastatic colorectal carcinomas.