Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|H||ELISA, IHC, IP||M||Ascites||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-Laminin α5 Antibody, clone 4C7|
|Presentation||UnPurified mouse ascites containing no preservatives.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Material Size||100 µL|
References | 11 Available | See All References
|Reference overview||Application||Pub Med ID|
|Decellularized human liver as a natural 3D-scaffold for liver bioengineering and transplantation. |
Mazza, G; Rombouts, K; Rennie Hall, A; Urbani, L; Vinh Luong, T; Al-Akkad, W; Longato, L; Brown, D; Maghsoudlou, P; Dhillon, AP; Fuller, B; Davidson, B; Moore, K; Dhar, D; De Coppi, P; Malago, M; Pinzani, M
Scientific reports 5 13079 2015
Liver synthetic and metabolic function can only be optimised by the growth of cells within a supportive liver matrix. This can be achieved by the utilisation of decellularised human liver tissue. Here we demonstrate complete decellularization of whole human liver and lobes to form an extracellular matrix scaffold with a preserved architecture. Decellularized human liver cubic scaffolds were repopulated for up to 21 days using human cell lines hepatic stellate cells (LX2), hepatocellular carcinoma (Sk-Hep-1) and hepatoblastoma (HepG2), with excellent viability, motility and proliferation and remodelling of the extracellular matrix. Biocompatibility was demonstrated by either omental or subcutaneous xenotransplantation of liver scaffold cubes (5 × 5 × 5 mm) into immune competent mice resulting in absent foreign body responses. We demonstrate decellularization of human liver and repopulation with derived human liver cells. This is a key advance in bioartificial liver development.
|A new non-enzymatic method for isolating human intervertebral disc cells preserves the phenotype of nucleus pulposus cells. |
Tang, X; Richardson, WJ; Fitch, RD; Brown, CR; Isaacs, RE; Chen, J
Cytotechnology 66 979-86 2014
Cells isolated from intervertebral disc (IVD) tissues of human surgical samples are one of potential sources for the IVD cellular therapy. The purpose of this study was to develop a new non-enzymatic method, "tissue incubation", for isolating human IVD cells. The IVD tissues of annulus fibrosus (AF) and nucleus pulposus (NP) were incubated separately in tissue culture flasks with culture medium. After 7-10 days incubation, cells were able to migrate out of IVD tissues and proliferate in vitro. After 3-4 weeks culture, expanded cells were harvested by trypsinization, and the remaining tissues were transferred to a new flask for another round of incubation. The molecular phenotype of IVD cells from juvenile and adult human samples was evaluated by both flow cytometry analysis and immunocytochemical staining for the expression of protein markers of NP cells (CD24, CD54, CD239, integrin α6 and laminin α5). Flow cytometry confirmed that both AF and NP cells of all ages positively expressed CD54 and integrin α6, with higher expression levels in NP cells than in AF cells for the juvenile group sample. However, CD24 expression was only found in juvenile NP cells, and not in AF or older disc cells. Similar expression patterns for NP markers were also confirmed by immunocytochemistry. In summary, this new non-enzymatic tissue incubation method for cell isolation preserves molecular phenotypic markers of NP cells and may provide a valuable cell source for the study of NP regeneration strategies.
|Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stromal cells exhibit immature nucleus pulposus cell phenotype in a laminin-rich pseudo-three-dimensional culture system. |
Chon, BH; Lee, EJ; Jing, L; Setton, LA; Chen, J
Stem cell research & therapy 4 120 2013
Cell supplementation to the herniated or degenerated intervertebral disc (IVD) is a potential strategy to promote tissue regeneration and slow disc pathology. Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stromal cells (HUCMSCs) - originating from the Wharton's jelly - remain an attractive candidate for such endeavors with their ability to differentiate into multiple lineages. Previously, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been studied as a potential source for disc tissue regeneration. However, no studies have demonstrated that MSCs can regenerate matrix with unique characteristics matching that of immature nucleus pulposus (NP) tissues of the IVD. In our prior work, immature NP cells were found to express specific laminin isoforms and laminin-binding receptors that may serve as phenotypic markers for evaluating MSC differentiation to NP-like cells. The goal of this study is to evaluate these markers and matrix synthesis for HUCMSCs cultured in a laminin-rich pseudo-three-dimensional culture system.HUCMSCs were seeded on top of Transwell inserts pre-coated with Matrigel™, which contained mainly laminin-111. Cells were cultured under hypoxia environment with three differentiation conditions: NP differentiation media (containing 2.5% Matrigel™ solution to provide for a pseudo-three-dimensional laminin culture system) with no serum, or the same media supplemented with either insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) or transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). Cell clustering behavior, matrix production and the expression of NP-specific laminin and laminin-receptors were evaluated at days 1, 7, 13 and 21 of culture.Data show that a pseudo-three-dimensional culture condition (laminin-1 rich) promoted HUCMSC differentiation under no serum conditions. Starting at day 1, HUCMSCs demonstrated a cell clustering morphology similar to that of immature NP cells in situ and that observed for primary immature NP cells within the similar laminin-rich culture system (prior study). Differentiated HUCMSCs under all conditions were found to contain glycosaminoglycan, expressed extracellular matrix proteins of collagen II and laminin α5, and laminin receptors (integrin α3 and β4 subunits). However, neither growth factor treatment generated distinct differences in NP-like phenotype for HUCMSC as compared with no-serum conditions.HUCMSCs have the potential to differentiate into cells sharing features with immature NP cells in a laminin-rich culture environment and may be useful for IVD cellular therapy.
|Titin mutation segregates with hereditary myopathy with early respiratory failure. |
Gerald Pfeffer,Hannah R Elliott,Helen Griffin,Rita Barresi,James Miller,Julie Marsh,Anni Evilä,Anna Vihola,Peter Hackman,Volker Straub,David J Dick,Rita Horvath,Mauro Santibanez-Koref,Bjarne Udd,Patrick F Chinnery
Brain : a journal of neurology 135 2012
In 2001, we described an autosomal dominant myopathy characterized by neuromuscular ventilatory failure in ambulant patients. Here we describe the underlying genetic basis for the disorder, and we define the neuromuscular, respiratory and radiological phenotype in a study of 31 mutation carriers followed for up to 31 years. A combination of genome-wide linkage and whole exome sequencing revealed the likely causal genetic variant in the titin (TTN) gene (g.274375T>C; p.Cys30071Arg) within a shared haplotype of 2.93 Mbp on chromosome 2. This segregated with the phenotype in 21 individuals from the original family, nine subjects in a second family with the same highly selective pattern of muscle involvement on magnetic resonance imaging and a third familial case with a similar phenotype. Comparing the mutation carriers revealed novel features not apparent in our original report. The clinical presentation included predominant distal, proximal or respiratory muscle weakness. The age of onset was highly variable, from early adulthood, and including a mild phenotype in advanced age. Muscle weakness was earlier onset and more severe in the lower extremities in nearly all patients. Seven patients also had axial muscle weakness. Respiratory function studies demonstrated a gradual deterioration over time, reflecting the progressive nature of this condition. Cardiomyopathy was not present in any of our patients despite up to 31 years of follow-up. Magnetic resonance muscle imaging was performed in 21 affected patients and revealed characteristic abnormalities with semitendinosus involvement in 20 of 21 patients studied, including 3 patients who were presymptomatic. Diagnostic muscle histopathology most frequently revealed eosinophilic inclusions (inclusion bodies) and rimmed vacuoles, but was non-specific in a minority of patients. These findings have important clinical implications. This disease should be considered in patients with adult-onset proximal or distal myopathy and early respiratory failure, even in the presence of non-specific muscle pathology. Muscle magnetic resonance imaging findings are characteristic and should be considered as an initial investigation, and if positive should prompt screening for mutations in TTN. With 363 exons, screening TTN presented a major challenge until recently. However, whole exome sequencing provides a reliable cost-effective approach, providing the gene of interest is adequately captured.
|Indolactam V/GLP-1-mediated differentiation of human iPS cells into glucose-responsive insulin-secreting progeny. |
Thatava, T; Nelson, TJ; Edukulla, R; Sakuma, T; Ohmine, S; Tonne, JM; Yamada, S; Kudva, Y; Terzic, A; Ikeda, Y
Gene therapy 18 283-93 2011
Nuclear reprogramming of somatic tissue enables derivation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from an autologous, non-embryonic origin. The purpose of this study was to establish efficient protocols for lineage specification of human iPS cells into functional glucose-responsive, insulin-producing progeny. We generated human iPS cells, which were then guided with recombinant growth factors that mimic the essential signaling for pancreatic development. Reprogrammed with four stemness factors, human fibroblasts were here converted into authentic iPS cells. Under feeder-free conditions, fate specification was initiated with activin A and Wnt3a that triggered engagement into definitive endoderm, followed by priming with fibroblast growth factor 10 (FGF10) and KAAD-cyclopamine. Addition of retinoic acid, boosted by the pancreatic endoderm inducer indolactam V (ILV), yielded pancreatic progenitors expressing pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX1), neurogenin 3 (NGN3) and neurogenic differentiation 1 (NEUROD1) markers. Further guidance, under insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and N-[N-(3,5-Difluorophenacetyl)-L-alanyl]-S-phenylglycine t-butyl ester (DAPT), was enhanced by glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) to generate islet-like cells that expressed pancreas-specific markers including insulin and glucagon. Derived progeny demonstrated sustained expression of PDX1, and functional responsiveness to glucose challenge secreting up to 230 pM of C-peptide. A pancreatogenic cocktail enriched with ILV/GLP-1 offers a proficient means to specify human iPS cells into glucose-responsive hormone-producing progeny, refining the development of a personalized platform for islet-like cell generation.Full Text Article
|Induced pluripotent stem cells from GMP-grade hematopoietic progenitor cells and mononuclear myeloid cells. |
Ohmine, S; Dietz, AB; Deeds, MC; Hartjes, KA; Miller, DR; Thatava, T; Sakuma, T; Kudva, YC; Ikeda, Y
Stem cell research & therapy 2 46 2011
The induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology allows generation of patient-specific pluripotent stem cells, thereby providing a novel cell-therapy platform for severe degenerative diseases. One of the key issues for clinical-grade iPSC derivation is the accessibility of donor cells used for reprogramming.We examined the feasibility of reprogramming mobilized GMP-grade hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and tested the pluripotency of derived iPS clones.Ectopic expression of OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, and c-MYC in HPCs and PBMCs resulted in rapid iPSC derivation. Long-term time-lapse imaging revealed efficient iPSC growth under serum- and feeder-free conditions with frequent mitotic events. HPC- and PBMC-derived iPS cells expressed pluripotency-associated markers, including SSEA-4, TRA-1-60, and NANOG. The global gene-expression profiles demonstrated the induction of endogenous pluripotent genes, such as LIN28, TERT, DPPA4, and PODXL, in derived iPSCs. iPSC clones from blood and other cell sources showed similar ultrastructural morphologies and genome-wide gene-expression profiles. On spontaneous and guided differentiation, HPC- and PBMC-derived iPSCs were differentiated into cells of three germ layers, including insulin-producing cells through endodermal lineage, verifying the pluripotency of the blood-derived iPSC clones.Because the use of blood cells allows minimally invasive tissue procurement under GMP conditions and rapid cellular reprogramming, mobilized HPCs and unmobilized PBMCs would be ideal somatic cell sources for clinical-grade iPSC derivation, especially from diabetes patients complicated by slow-healing wounds.
|Direct differentiation of hepatic cells from human induced pluripotent stem cells using a limited number of cytokines. |
Takata A, Otsuka M, Kogiso T, Kojima K, Yoshikawa T, Tateishi R, Kato N, Shiina S, Yoshida H, Omata M, Koike K
Hepatology international 2011
|Dysferlin associates with the developing T-tubule system in rodent and human skeletal muscle. |
Klinge L, Harris J, Sewry C, Charlton R, Anderson L, Laval S, Chiu YH, Hornsey M, Straub V, Barresi R, LochmÃ¼ller H, Bushby K
Muscle & nerve 41 166-73 2010
Mutations in the dysferlin gene cause limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B, Miyoshi myopathy, and distal anterior compartment myopathy. Dysferlin mainly localizes to the sarcolemma in mature skeletal muscle where it is implicated in membrane fusion and repair. In different forms of muscular dystrophy, a predominantly cytoplasmic localization of dysferlin can be observed in regenerating myofibers, but the subcellular compartment responsible for this labeling pattern is not yet known. We have previously demonstrated an association of dysferlin with the developing T-tubule system in vitro. To investigate the role of dysferlin in adult skeletal muscle regeneration, we studied dysferlin localization at high resolution in a rat model of regeneration and found that the subcellular labeling of dysferlin colocalizes with the developing T-tubule system. Furthermore, ultrastructural analysis of dysferlin-deficient muscle revealed primary T-tubule anomalies similar to those seen in caveolin-3-deficient muscle. These findings indicate that dysferlin is necessary for correct T-tubule formation, and dysferlin-deficient skeletal muscle is characterized by abnormally configured T-tubules.
|Congenital muscular dystrophy with primary partial laminin alpha2 chain deficiency: molecular study. |
Y He, K J Jones, N Vignier, G Morgan, M Chevallay, A Barois, B Estournet-Mathiaud, H Hori, T Mizuta, F M Tomé, K N North, P Guicheney
Neurology 57 1319-22 2001
The authors report a case of congenital muscular dystrophy with mild nonprogressive muscle weakness, white matter hypodensity, and absence of the laminin alpha2 chain in muscle fibers with two antibodies, but not with four others. They identified mutations in LAMA2, which explain the partial laminin alpha2 deficiency. Analysis of this case and two others allows us to refine the epitopes of two of the commercial antibodies, and illustrate the importance of using antibodies directed against different domains of the protein.
|Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy: close relation between changes in the muscle basal lamina and plasma membrane. |
S Matsubara, Y Mizuno, T Kitaguchi, E Isozaki, K Miyamoto, S Hirai
Neuromuscular disorders : NMD 9 388-98 1999
Despite the recent advance in genetic study of Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), the mechanism of muscle degeneration in the disease remains unclear. To clarify it, muscle biopsies from six cases of FCMD were subjected to immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies. On the muscle cell surface, decreased expression of laminin alpha2 subunit was seen along with aberrant expression of laminin alpha5 and neural cell adhesion molecule. Electron microscopy revealed breach of muscle basal lamina. The electron density of plasma membrane was significantly lower at the places without identifiable basal lamina. Thus in FCMD changes of laminin and other proteins on the cell surface involve a process common to developing muscles, and loss of normal structure of the basal lamina is closely associated with changes of the plasma membrane. This suggests that the primary cause of FCMD is related to formation and maintenance of the basal lamina.
|Mapping of domains in human laminin using monoclonal antibodies: localization of the neurite-promoting site. |
Engvall, E, et al.
J. Cell Biol., 103: 2457-65 (1986) 1986
Monoclonal antibodies were made against a truncated form of human laminin isolated from placenta. 12 antibodies were isolated and characterized. All antibodies stained basement membranes in placenta and immunoprecipitated laminin from media of cultured choriocarcinoma cells. Three antibodies, 3E5, 4C7, and 4E10, partially blocked the neurite-promoting activity of laminin. Addition of a second antibody, goat anti-mouse IgG, caused more complete blocking of the activity. Two of the blocking antibodies, 4C7 and 4E10, reacted with epitopes within the globular domain at the end of the long arm of laminin, and the third one, 3E5, reacted at the end of the rod-like portion of the long arm adjacent to the globular domain, as shown by electron microscopy after rotary shadowing. Five nonblocking antibodies used in the same test reacted with epitopes in other domains of the molecule. Blocking antibodies 3E5 and 4E10 could be used in immunoblotting and both antibodies reacted with the same polypeptides in pepsin fragments of human laminin, the predominant polypeptides being approximately 400 kD. When a crude extract of human amnion was used as a source of intact laminin, the 4E10 antibody detected a single polypeptide of approximately 400 kD. A nonblocking antibody, 2E8, which reacted at the center of the laminin cross, reacted predominantly with a 200-kD polypeptide in human laminin fragments and exclusively with a 200-kD polypeptide in amnion extract and in rat laminin. Our results with human laminin match the results by Edgar, D., R. Timpl, and H. Thoenen, 1984, EMBO (Eur. Mol. Biol. Organ.) J., 3:1463-1468, in which the neurite-promoting activity of mouse laminin resides at the end of the long arm, which is also the site for heparin binding. However, since the active fragments of human laminin did not bind to heparin, the neurite-promoting site should be different from the heparin-binding site. Our results further suggest that the neurite-promoting site may be contained in or close to the 400-kD component of laminin.
|MOUSE ANTI-HUMAN LAMININ (α5-CHAIN)|