Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|M||FC, IP, WB, IHC, FUNC||R||Ascites||Monoclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-Integrin α5β1 Antibody, clone BMB5|
|Presentation||Liquid, containing no preservatives.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain frozen at -20°C in undiluted aliquots for up to 12 months.|
|Material Size||100 µL|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|Decipher the dynamic coordination between enzymatic activity and structural modulation at focal adhesions in living cells. |
Lu, S; Seong, J; Wang, Y; Chang, SC; Eichorst, JP; Ouyang, M; Li, JY; Chien, S; Wang, Y
Scientific reports 4 5756 2014
Focal adhesions (FAs) are dynamic subcellular structures crucial for cell adhesion, migration and differentiation. It remains an enigma how enzymatic activities in these local complexes regulate their structural remodeling in live cells. Utilizing biosensors based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), we developed a correlative FRET imaging microscopy (CFIM) approach to quantitatively analyze the subcellular coordination between the enzymatic Src activation and the structural FA disassembly. CFIM reveals that the Src kinase activity only within the microdomain of lipid rafts at the plasma membrane is coupled with FA dynamics. FA disassembly at cell periphery was linearly dependent on this raft-localized Src activity, although cells displayed heterogeneous levels of response to stimulation. Within lipid rafts, the time delay between Src activation and FA disassembly was 1.2 min in cells seeded on low fibronectin concentration ([FN]) and 4.3 min in cells on high [FN]. CFIM further showed that the level of Src-FA coupling, as well as the time delay, was regulated by cell-matrix interactions, as a tight enzyme-structure coupling occurred in FA populations mediated by integrin αvβ₃, but not in those by integrin α₅β₁. Therefore, different FA subpopulations have distinctive regulation mechanisms between their local kinase activity and structural FA dynamics.
|CCN3 increases BMP-4 expression and bone mineralization in osteoblasts. |
Tzu-Wei Tan,Yuan-Lin Huang,Jung-Tzu Chang,Jen-Jyh Lin,Yi-Chin Fong,Chien-Chung Kuo,Chun-Hao Tsai,Yen-Jen Chen,Horng-Chaung Hsu,Der-Yang Cho,Yi-Hung Chen,Chih-Hsin Tang
Journal of cellular physiology 227 2012
The nephroblastoma overexpressed (NOV) gene, also called CCN3, regulates differentiation of skeletal mesenchymal cells. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play important roles in osteoblast differentiation and bone formation, but the effects of CCN3 on BMP expression and bone formation in cultured osteoblasts are largely unknown. Here we found that CCN3 increased BMP-4 expression and bone nodule formation in cultured osteoblast. Monoclonal antibodies for ?5?1 and ?v?5 integrins, and inhibitors of integrin-linked kinase (ILK), p38, and JNK, all inhibited CCN3-induced bone nodule formation and BMP-4 up-regulation of osteoblasts. CCN3 stimulation increased the kinase activity of ILK and phosphorylation of p38 and JNK. Inhibitors of activator protein-1 (AP-1) also suppressed bone nodule formation and BMP-4 expression enhanced by CCN3. Moreover, CCN3-induced c-Jun translocation into the nucleus, and the binding of c-Jun to the AP-1 element on the BMP-4 promoter were both inhibited by specific inhibitors of the ILK, p38, and JNK cascades. Taken together, our results provide evidence that CCN3 enhances BMP-4 expression and bone nodule formation in osteoblasts, and that the integrin receptor, ILK, p38, JNK, and AP-1 signaling pathways may be involved.
|Human periodontal fibroblast response to a nanostructured hydroxyapatite bone replacement graft in vitro. |
Adrian Kasaj, Brita Willershausen, Christoph Reichert, Aristea Gortan-Kasaj, Gregory-George Zafiropoulos, Mirko Schmidt, Adrian Kasaj, Brita Willershausen, Christoph Reichert, Aristea Gortan-Kasaj, Gregory-George Zafiropoulos, Mirko Schmidt
Archives of oral biology 53 683-9 2008
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of nanostructured hydroxyapatite (NHA) for the treatment of osseous defects has been demonstrated in recent studies, even though the underlining biological mechanism is still poorly known. This study examined the alterations in cellular adhesion and mitogenic responses in human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells treated with a novel nanostructured hydroxyapatite bone graft substitute and characterized associated changes in cellular signalling pathways. METHODS: Cultured PDL cells were stimulated with NHA in a surface coated form. Proliferation was determined by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation and cell adhesion was analysed by a colorimetric assay. In order to understand altered adhesion properties of PDL fibroblasts their integrin profile was analysed and the phosphorylation status of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and beta1 integrin was determined by immunoblotting. In order to understand the signalling mechanisms of increased cell proliferation of PDL cells caused by NHA, the phosphorylation status of the serine/threonine protein kinase Akt, of the signal regulated kinases ERK1/2 and of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was analysed by western blot using phospho-specific antibodies. RESULTS: The results indicated that NHA is a strong stimulator of PDL cell attachment and proliferation. Mechanistically, alpha5beta1 integrin-mediated cellular adhesion of PDL fibroblasts, which resulted in altered phosphorylation and activation levels of FAK. Proliferation mediated by NHA was mechanistically caused by activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway and its downstream targets ERK1/2 and Akt. CONCLUSIONS: In sum, our findings present evidence that alpha5beta1 integrin-mediated cellular adhesion of NHA to PDL fibroblasts, whereas proliferation was caused by activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the MAP kinase (ERK1/2) and Akt pathways.
|Fibronectin facilitates the invasion of Orientia tsutsugamushi into host cells through interaction with a 56-kDa type-specific antigen. |
Lee, JH; Cho, NH; Kim, SY; Bang, SY; Chu, H; Choi, MS; Kim, IS
The Journal of infectious diseases 198 250-7 2008
Orientia tsutsugamushi, the causative agent of scrub typhus, is an obligate intracellular bacterium. The pathogen's mechanism of cellular invasion is poorly characterized.Through ligand immunoblots, glutathione S-transferase (GST) pull-down assays, and in vitro inhibition assays of intracellular invasion, a bacterial ligand was identified and was shown to interact with fibronectin (Fn) to enhance the intracellular invasion of O. tsutsugamushi.O. tsutsugamushi can bind to immobilized Fn in vitro, and exogenous Fn stimulates bacterial invasion of mammalian host cells. Bacterial invasion in the presence of Fn was abrogated by the addition of Arg-Gly-Asp peptides or by an anti-alpha5beta1 integrin antibody. Through a ligand immunoblot and GST pull-down assay, a 56-kDa type-specific antigen (TSA56) was identified as the bacterial ligand responsible for the interaction with Fn. Antigenic domain III and the adjacent C-terminal region (aa 243-349) of TSA56 interacted with Fn. Furthermore, we found that the enhanced invasion of the pathogen was abrogated by the addition of purified recombinant peptides derived from TSA56.Fn facilitates the invasion of O. tsutsugamushi through its interaction with TSA56.
|Ultrasound induces hypoxia-inducible factor-1 activation and inducible nitric-oxide synthase expression through the integrin/integrin-linked kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin pathway in osteoblasts. |
Tang, CH; Lu, DY; Tan, TW; Fu, WM; Yang, RS
The Journal of biological chemistry 282 25406-15 2007
It has been shown that ultrasound (US) stimulation accelerates fracture healing in the animal models and clinical studies. Nitric oxide (NO) is a crucial early mediator in mechanically induced bone formation. Here we found that US stimulation increased NO formation and the protein level of inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS). US-mediated iNOS expression was attenuated by anti-integrin alpha5beta1 or beta1 antibodies but not anti-integrin alphavbeta3 or beta3 antibodies or focal adhesion kinase mutant. Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) inhibitor (KP-392), Akt inhibitor (1L-6-hydroxymethyl-chiro-inositol-2-[(R)-2-O-methyl-3-O-octadecylcarbonate]) or mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor (rapamycin) also inhibited the potentiating action of US. US stimulation increased the kinase activity of ILK and phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR. Furthermore, US stimulation also increased the stability and activity of HIF-1 protein. The binding of HIF-1alpha to the HRE elements on the iNOS promoter was enhanced by US stimulation. Moreover, the use of pharmacological inhibitors or genetic inhibition revealed that both ILK/Akt and mTOR signaling pathway were potentially required for US-induced HIF-1alpha activation and subsequent iNOS up-regulation. Taken together, our results provide evidence that US stimulation up-regulates iNOS expression in osteoblasts by an HIF-1alpha-dependent mechanism involving the activation of ILK/Akt and mTOR pathways via integrin receptor.
|RAT ANTI-MOUSE INTEGRIN α5β1 MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY - Data Sheet|