Key Specifications Table
|Species Reactivity||Key Applications||Host||Format||Antibody Type|
|M||NEUT, WB||Rb||Purified||Polyclonal Antibody|
|Description||Anti-EGF Antibody, neutralizing|
|Application||Anti-EGF Antibody, neutralizing is an antibody against EGF for use in NEUT & WB.|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Lyophilized: 2 years at -20°C Rehydrated: 1 year at -20°C|
|Material Size||1 mg|
|Anti-EGF, neutralizing - 16182||16182|
|Anti-EGF, neutralizing - 19444||19444|
|Anti-EGF, neutralizing - 24014||24014|
|Reference overview||Application||Pub Med ID|
|Fungiform papilla pattern: EGF regulates inter-papilla lingual epithelium and decreases papilla number by means of PI3K/Akt, MEK/ERK, and p38 MAPK signaling. |
Liu, HX; Henson, BS; Zhou, Y; D'Silva, NJ; Mistretta, CM
Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists 237 2378-93 2008
Fungiform papillae are epithelial taste organs that form on the tongue, requiring differentiation of papillae and inter-papilla epithelium. We tested roles of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and the receptor EGFR in papilla development. Developmentally, EGF was localized within and between papillae whereas EGFR was progressively restricted to inter-papilla epithelium. In tongue cultures, EGF decreased papillae and increased cell proliferation in inter-papilla epithelium in a concentration-dependent manner, whereas EGFR inhibitor increased and fused papillae. EGF preincubation could over-ride disruption of Shh signaling that ordinarily would effect a doubling of fungiform papillae. With EGF-induced activation of EGFR, we demonstrated phosphorylation in PI3K/Akt, MEK/ERK, and p38 MAPK pathways; with pathway inhibitors (LY294002, U0126, SB203580) the EGF-mediated decrease in papillae was reversed, and synergistic actions were shown. Thus, EGF/EGFR signaling by means of PI3K/Akt, MEK/ERK, and p38 MAPK contributes to epithelial cell proliferation between papillae; this biases against papilla differentiation and reduces numbers of papillae.
|Neutrophil elastase-initiated EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling counteracts stabilizing effect of autocrine TGF-beta on tropoelastin mRNA in lung fibroblasts. |
DiCamillo, SJ; Yang, S; Panchenko, MV; Toselli, PA; Naggar, EF; Rich, CB; Stone, PJ; Nugent, MA; Panchenko, MP
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology 291 L232-43 2006
Neutrophil elastase (NE) plays an important role in emphysema, a pulmonary disease associated with excessive elastolysis and ineffective repair of interstitial elastin. Besides its direct elastolytic activity, NE releases soluble epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands and initiates EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling to downregulate tropoelastin mRNA in neonatal rat lung fibroblasts (DiCamillo SJ, Carreras I, Panchenko MV, Stone PJ, Nugent MA, Foster JA, and Panchenko MP. J Biol Chem 277: 18938-18946, 2002). We now report that NE downregulates tropoelastin mRNA in the rat fetal lung fibroblast line RFL-6. The tropoelastin mRNA downregulation is preceded by release of EGF-like and TGF-alpha-like polypeptides and requires EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling, because it is prevented by the EGFR inhibitor AG1478 and the MEK/ERK uncoupler U0126. Tropoelastin expression in RFL-6 fibroblasts is governed by autocrine TGF-beta signaling, because TGF-beta type I receptor kinase inhibitor or TGF-beta neutralizing antibody dramatically decreases tropoelastin mRNA and protein levels. Half-life of tropoelastin mRNA in RFL-6 cells is greater than 24 h, but it is decreased to approximately 8 h by addition of TGF-beta neutralizing antibody, EGF, TGF-alpha, or NE. Tropoelastin mRNA destabilization by NE, EGF, or TGF-alpha is abolished by AG1478 or U0126. EGF-dependent tropoelastin mRNA downregulation is reversed upon ligand withdrawal, whereas chronic EGF treatment leads to persistent downregulation of tropoelastin mRNA and protein levels and decreases insoluble elastin deposition. We conclude that NE-initiated EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling cascade overrides the autocrine TGF-beta signaling on tropoelastin mRNA stability and, therefore, decreases the elastogenic response in RFL-6 fibroblasts. We hypothesize that persistent EGFR/MEK/ERK signaling could impede the TGF-beta-induced elastogenesis/elastin repair in the chronically inflamed, elastase/anti-elastase imbalanced lung in emphysema.
|Overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor confers migratory properties to nonmigratory postnatal neural progenitors. |
Aguirre, A; Rizvi, TA; Ratner, N; Gallo, V
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 25 11092-106 2005
Approaches to successful cell transplantation therapies for the injured brain involve selecting the appropriate neural progenitor type and optimizing the efficiency of the cell engraftment. Here we show that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression enhances postnatal neural progenitor migration in vitro and in vivo. Migratory NG2-expressing (NG2+) progenitor cells of the postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ) express higher EGFR levels than nonmigratory, cortical NG2+ cells. The higher endogenous EGFR expression in SVZ NG2+ cells is causally related with their migratory potential in vitro as well as in vivo after cell engraftment. EGFR overexpression in cortical NG2+ cells by transient transfection converted these cells to a migratory phenotype in vitro and in vivo. Finally, cortical NG2+ cells purified from a transgenic mouse in which the EGFR is overexpressed under the CNP promoter exhibited enhanced migratory capability. These findings reveal a new role for EGFR in the postnatal brain and open new avenues to optimize cell engraftment for brain repair.
|Genistein alters growth factor signaling in transgenic prostate model (TRAMP). |
Jun Wang, Isam-Eldin Eltoum, Coral A Lamartiniere
Molecular and cellular endocrinology 219 171-80 2004
Genistein, a component of soy, has been reported to protect against spontaneously developing prostate tumors in the transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate (TRAMP) model. This is consistent with reports showing that Asians eating a diet high in soy have reduced incidence of clinically manifested prostate cancer. In order to understand the mechanism of action of genistein, we have investigated the expression of androgen and estrogen receptors, four growth factor receptors that signal via tyrosine protein kinases, and specific growth factor proteins in the dorsolateral prostates of TRAMP mice fed 250 mg genistein/kg diet, starting at 5 weeks of age. These analyses were carried out at 12 weeks, prior to the development of solid tumors, allowing us to readily investigate cell proliferation and biomarkers in premalignant tissue. Cell proliferation, AR, ER-alpha, EGFR, ErbB2, EGF, IGF-1R, IGF-1, VEGFR2, ERKs-1 and 2 proteins and TGF-alpha mRNA, but not ER-beta and VEGF, were significantly increased in prostates of TRAMP compared to C57BL/6 mice. Genistein in the diet significantly down-regulated cell proliferation, EGFR, IGF-1R, ERK-1 and ERK-2, but not AR, ER-alpha, ER-beta, ErbB2, EGF, TGF-alpha, IGF-1, VEGF and VEGFR in prostates of TRAMP mice. Serum testosterone and dihydrotestosterone concentrations were not significantly different in C57BL/6 or TRAMP male mice fed control or genistein-containing diets. The up-regulation of sex steroid receptors and multiple growth signaling pathways in TRAMP mice supports the concept of multiple dysregulation contributing to carcinogenesis. Down-regulation of the tyrosine kinase regulated proteins, EGFR and IGF-1R, and of the downstream mitogen-activated protein kinases, ERK-1 and 2, with genistein in the diet provides a possible mechanism for prostate cancer chemoprevention.
|Elastase-released epidermal growth factor recruits epidermal growth factor receptor and extracellular signal-regulated kinases to down-regulate tropoelastin mRNA in lung fibroblasts. |
DiCamillo, SJ; Carreras, I; Panchenko, MV; Stone, PJ; Nugent, MA; Foster, JA; Panchenko, MP
The Journal of biological chemistry 277 18938-46 2002
Elastase/anti-elastase imbalance is a hallmark of emphysema, a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associated with the rupture and inefficient repair of interstitial elastin. We report that neutrophil elastase (NE) at low physiologic concentrations, ranging from 35 nm to 1 microm, invokes transient, peaking at 15 min, activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK) in elastogenic lung fibroblasts. ERK activation is preceded by the release of soluble 25-26-kDa forms of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transactivation of EGF receptor (EGFR) in NE-exposed cells. The stimulatory effect of NE on ERK is abrogated in the presence of anti-EGF-neutralizing antibodies, EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (AG1478), and ERK kinase inhibitor (PD98059), as well as abolished in both EGFR-desensitized and endocytosis-arrested fibroblasts. Nuclear accumulation of activated ERK is associated with transient, peaking at 30 min, induction of c-Fos and sustained, observed at 24-48 h, decrease of tropoelastin mRNA levels in NE-challenged cells. Pretreatment of fibroblasts with AG1478 or PD98059 abrogates the NE-initiated tropoelastin mRNA suppression. We conclude that proteolytically released EGF signals directly via EGFR and ERK to down-regulate tropoelastin mRNA in NE-challenged lung fibroblasts.
|Integrin-mediated migration of murine B82L fibroblasts is dependent on the expression of an intact epidermal growth factor receptor |
Li, J., et al
J Biol Chem, 274:11209-19 (1999) 1999
|Roles of transforming growth factor-alpha and epidermal growth factor in chick limb development. |
Dealy, CN; Scranton, V; Cheng, HC
Developmental biology 202 43-55 1998
We have examined the distribution of transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and the chicken EGF receptor (c-erbB), in embryonic chick limbs. Prior to limb budding, TGF-alpha is present in prospective limb-forming mesoderm and in prospective apical ectodermal ridge (AER)-forming ectoderm, but is not detected in non-limb-forming flank mesoderm or ectoderm, nor in presumptive non-AER-forming limb ectoderm, suggesting possible roles in initial limb formation and AER induction. Consistent with this possibility, TGF-alpha is present in the mesoderm of the wing buds of the amelic chick mutants limbless and wingless, which form and bud normally, but is absent from limbless and wingless ectoderm, which fails to form an AER. TGF-alpha and EGF are present in the AER of the developing limb, and TGF-alpha, EGF, and c-erbB are present in the underlying subridge mesoderm, suggesting possible roles in reciprocal AER/subridge mesoderm interactions required for limb outgrowth. We found that exogenous TGF-alpha and EGF can promote the outgrowth of limb mesoderm in the absence of the AER in vitro and can also promote the outgrowth of limbless and wingless wing bud explants. EGF is present in ventral but not dorsal limb ectoderm, suggesting a role for EGF in specification of ventral ectoderm. TGF-alpha and EGF are not detected in the differentiating cartilaginous elements or muscle primordia of the limb, suggesting that cessation of TGF-alpha and EGF expression may be required for cartilage and muscle formation. We have found that exogenous TGF-alpha and EGF inhibit chondrogenesis and myogenesis of limb mesenchyme in vitro. Together these results indicate that signaling through the EGF receptor via endogenous TGF-alpha and EGF may be important for initial limb formation, AER induction, outgrowth of limb mesoderm, and regulation of limb chondrogenic and myogenic differentiation.