|Association of the tetraspanin CD151 with the laminin-binding integrins alpha3beta1, alpha6beta1, alpha6beta4 and alpha7beta1 in cells in culture and in vivo. |
Sterk, LM; Geuijen, CA; van den Berg, JG; Claessen, N; Weening, JJ; Sonnenberg, A
Journal of cell science
CD151 is a cell surface protein that belongs to the tetraspanin superfamily. It forms complexes with the laminin-binding integrins alpha3beta1, alpha6beta1 and alpha6beta4 and is codistributed with these integrins in many tissues at sites of cell-matrix interactions. In this study we show that CD151 can also form stable complexes with the laminin-binding integrin alpha7beta1. The strength of this interaction is comparable to that between CD151 and alpha3beta1. Complexes of alpha3beta1, alpha6beta1 and alpha7beta1 with CD151 are equally well formed with all splice variants of the alpha3, alpha6 and alpha7 subunits, and complex formation is not affected by mutations that prevent the cleavage of the integrin alpha6 subunit. Like the expression of alpha3beta1 and alpha6beta1, expression of alpha7beta1 in K562 cells results in increased levels of CD151 at its surface. Two non-integrin laminin receptors, dystroglycan and the polypeptide on which the Lutheran blood group antigens are expressed, are also often colocalized with CD151, but no association with CD151-alpha3beta1 complexes was found with biochemical analysis. The anti-CD151 antibody TS151R detects an epitope at a site at which CD151 interacts with integrins, and therefore it cannot react with CD151 when it is bound to an integrin. Comparison of the straining patterns produced by TS151R with that by of an anti-CD151 antibody recognizing an epitope outside the binding site (P48) revealed that most tissues expressing one or more laminin-binding integrins reacted with P48 but not with TS151R. However, smooth muscle cells that express alpha7beta1 and renal tubular epithelial cells that express alpha6beta1 were stained equally well by TS151R and P48. These results suggest that the interactions between CD151 and laminin-binding integrins are subject to cell-type-specific regulation.
|Selective tetraspan-integrin complexes (CD81/alpha4beta1, CD151/alpha3beta1, CD151/alpha6beta1) under conditions disrupting tetraspan interactions. |
Serru, V; Le Naour, F; Billard, M; Azorsa, DO; Lanza, F; Boucheix, C; Rubinstein, E
The Biochemical journal
340 ( Pt 1)
The tetraspans are molecules with four transmembrane domains which are engaged in multimolecular complexes (the tetraspan web) containing a subset of beta1 integrins (in particular alpha3beta1, alpha4beta1 and alpha6beta1), MHC antigens and several unidentified molecules. The molecules associated with tetraspans are readily detected after immunoprecipitation performed in mild detergents such as Brij 97 or CHAPS. In this study we show that another classical mild detergent, digitonin, dissociated most of these associated molecules, including integrins, from the tetraspans CD9, CD37, CD53, CD63, CD82, Co-029, Talla-1 and NAG-2. In contrast, reciprocal immunoprecipitations from various cell lines demonstrated that two other tetraspans, CD81 and CD151, formed complexes with integrins not disrupted by digitonin. These complexes were CD81/alpha4beta1, CD151/alpha3beta1 and CD151/alpha6beta1. Furthermore, a new anti-CD151 monoclonal antibody (mAb), TS151r, was shown to have a restricted pattern of expression, inversely related to the sum of the levels of expression of alpha6beta1 and alpha3beta1. This mAb was unable to co-precipitate integrins in digitonin, suggesting that its epitope is blocked by the association with integrins. Indeed, the binding of TS151r to the cell surface was quantitatively diminished following alpha3beta1 overexpression. Altogether, these data suggest that, among tetraspans, CD81 interacts directly with the integrin alpha4beta1, and CD151 interacts directly with integrins alpha3beta1 and alpha6beta1. Because all tetraspan-tetraspan associations are disrupted by digitonin, it is likely that the other tetraspans interact indirectly with integrins, through interactions with CD81 or CD151.