Key Specifications Table
|Key Applications||Species||Uni Prot Number|
|Safety Information according to GHS|
|Storage and Shipping Information|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain at -20°C in undiluted aliquots for up to 12 months. Maintain at 4°C for up to one month. A decrease in activity may occur within prolonged storage at 4°C.|
|Material Size||1 units|
|Reference overview||Pub Med ID|
|The hemoregulatory peptide N-acetyl-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro is a natural and specific substrate of the N-terminal active site of human angiotensin-converting enzyme. |
Rousseau, A, et al.
J. Biol. Chem., 270: 3656-61 (1995) 1995
Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) is a zinc-dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase, which contains two similar domains, each possessing a functional active site. Respective involvement of each active site in the degradation of the circulating peptide N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (AcSDKP), a negative regulator of hematopoietic stem cell proliferation, was studied by using wild-type recombinant ACE and two full-length mutants containing a single functional site. Both the N- and C-active sites of ACE exhibit dipeptidyl activity toward AcSDKP, with Km values of 31 and 39 microM, respectively. However, the N-active site hydrolyzes the peptide 50 times faster compared with the C-active site, with kcat/Km values of 0.5 and 0.01 microM-1.s-1, respectively. The predominant role of the N-active site in AcSDKP hydrolysis was confirmed by the inhibition of hydrolysis using a monoclonal antibody specifically directed against the N-active site. The N-domain specificity for AcSDKP will aid the identification of specific inhibitors for this domain. This is the first report of a highly specific substrate for the N-active site of ACE, with kinetic constants in the range of physiological substrates, suggesting that ACE might be involved via its N-terminal active site in the in vivo regulation of the local concentration of this hemoregulatory peptide.
|Involvement of human plasma angiotensin I-converting enzyme in the degradation of the haemoregulatory peptide N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline. |
Rieger, K J, et al.
Biochem. J., 296 ( Pt 2): 373-8 (1993) 1993
The degradation of N-Ac-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro (AcSDKP), a negative regulator controlling the proliferation of the haematopoietic stem cell, by enzymes present in human plasma, has been investigated. Radiolabelled AcSD[4-3H]KP ([3H]AcSDKP, 1 mM) was completely metabolized in human plasma with a half-life of 80 min, leading exclusively to the formation of radiolabelled lysine. The cleavage of AcSDKP was insensitive to classical proteinase inhibitors including leupeptin, but sensitive to metalloprotease inhibitors. The degradation was completely blocked by specific inhibitors of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE; kininase II; peptidyldipeptide hydrolase, EC 22.214.171.124), showing that the first step of the hydrolysis was indeed due to ACE. In dialysed plasma, the hydrolysis proceeded at only 17% of the maximal rate, whereas addition of 20 mM NaCl led to the recovery of the initial rate observed with normal plasma. Hydrolysis of AcSDKP by commercial rabbit lung ACE generated the C-terminal dipeptide Lys-Pro. Thus, ACE cleaves AcSDKP by a dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase activity. In fact the formation of Lys-Pro was observed when AcSDKP was incubated in human plasma in the presence of HgCl2. These results suggest that ACE is involved in the first limiting step of AcSDKP degradation in human plasma. The second step seems to be under the control of a leupeptin- and E-64-insensitive, HgCl2-sensitive plasmatic enzyme.
|Pig kidney angiotensin converting enzyme. Purification and characterization of amphipathic and hydrophilic forms of the enzyme establishes C-terminal anchorage to the plasma membrane. |
Hooper, N M, et al.
Biochem. J., 247: 85-93 (1987) 1987
Angiotensin converting enzyme from pig kidney was isolated by affinity chromatography after solubilization from the membrane by one of four different procedures. Solubilization with Triton X-100, trypsin or by an endogenous activity in microvillar membranes all generated hydrophilic forms of the enzyme as assessed by phase separation in Triton X-114 and failure to incorporate into liposomes. Only when solubilization and purification was effected by Triton X-100 in the presence of EDTA (10 mM) could an amphipathic form of the enzyme (membrane- or m-form) be generated. The m-form of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) appeared slightly larger (Mr approx. 180,000) than the hydrophilic forms (Mr approx. 175,000) after SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, and the m-form incorporated into liposomes, consistent with retention of the membrane anchor. The m-form of ACE showed an N-terminal sequence identical with that of preparations of enzyme isolated after solubilization with detergent alone (d-form), with trypsin (t-form) or by the endogenous mechanism (e-form). These data imply that ACE is anchored to the plasma membrane via its C-terminus, in contrast with the N-terminal anchorage of endopeptidase-24.11. No release of ACE from the membrane could be detected with a variety of phospholipases, including bacterial phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipases C, although an endogenous EDTA-sensitive membrane-associated hydrolase was capable of releasing a soluble, hydrophilic, form of the enzyme.
|Angiotensin Converting Enzyme, bovine - Data Sheet|