505602 BDK Inhibitor II, (S)-CPP - Calbiochem

505602
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      Overview

      Replacement Information

      Key Specifications Table

      Empirical Formula
      C₉H₉ClO₂

      Pricing & Availability

      Catalog NumberAvailability Packaging Qty/Pack Price Quantity
      5.05602.0001
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          Glass bottle 10 mg
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          Description
          OverviewA cell-permeable chlorophenylpropionate compound that is superior to its structural analog 4PB (Cat. No. 567616) as an inhibitor against mitochondrial branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex (BCKDC) regulatory kinase BDK (BCKD kinase; IC50 = 6.3 vs. 53.1 µM) due to much optimized affinity toward the BDK N-terminal allosteric site (Kd = 2.4 vs. 5.7 µM), effectively blocking BDK substrate access by preventing BDK interaction with the homo-24-meric dihydrolipoyltransferase BCKDC E2 component, while exhibiting little potency against PDK2 or BCKD phosphatase BDP even at concentrations as high as 1 mM (<10% inhibition). Shown to effectively reduce E1-α Ser293 phosphorylation with concomitant BCKDC activity upregulation in multiple tissues in mice (EDmax =160 mg/kg via i.p.) in vivo. Despite good stability and low in vivo clearance , high doses are recommended for mice treatment due to low tissue penetration efficiency.
          Catalogue Number505602
          Brand Family Calbiochem®
          SynonymsBCKD Kinase Inhibitor II, Branched-Chain α-Ketoacid Dehydrogenase Kinase Inhibitor II, (S)-α-Chloro-phenylpropionic acid
          References
          ReferencesTso, S.C., et al. 2013. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110, 9728.
          Product Information
          FormClear, colorless oil
          Hill FormulaC₉H₉ClO₂
          Chemical formulaC₉H₉ClO₂
          ReversibleY
          Structure formula ImageStructure formula Image
          Applications
          Biological Information
          Primary TargetBDK
          Purity≥98% by HPLC
          Physicochemical Information
          Cell permeableY
          Dimensions
          Materials Information
          Toxicological Information
          Safety Information according to GHS
          Safety Information
          Product Usage Statements
          Storage and Shipping Information
          Ship Code Ambient Temperature Only
          Toxicity Standard Handling
          Storage -20°C
          Protect from Light Protect from light
          Protect from Moisture Protect from moisture
          Do not freeze Ok to freeze
          Special InstructionsFollowing reconstitution, aliquot and freeze (-20°C). Stock solutions are stable for up to 1 month at -20°C.
          Packaging Information
          Packaged under inert gas Packaged under inert gas
          Transport Information
          Supplemental Information
          Specifications

          Documentation

          SDS

          Title

          Safety Data Sheet (SDS) 

          References

          Reference overview
          Tso, S.C., et al. 2013. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110, 9728.
          Data Sheet

          Note that this data sheet is not lot-specific and is representative of the current specifications for this product. Please consult the vial label and the certificate of analysis for information on specific lots. Also note that shipping conditions may differ from storage conditions.

          Revision07-March-2014 JSW
          SynonymsBCKD Kinase Inhibitor II, Branched-Chain α-Ketoacid Dehydrogenase Kinase Inhibitor II, (S)-α-Chloro-phenylpropionic acid
          DescriptionA cell-permeable chlorophenylpropionate compound that is superior to its structural analog 4PB (Cat. No. 567616) as an inhibitor against mitochondrial BCKDC (branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex) regulatory kinase BDK (BCKD kinase; IC50 = 6.3 vs. 53.1 µM) due to much optimized affinity toward the BDK N-terminal allosteric site (Kd = 2.4 vs. 5.7 µM) via carboxylate oxygens-mediated hydrogen bonds, as well as hydrophobic interactions mediated by the α-chlorine and the phenyl ring, effectively blocking BDK substrate access by preventing BDK interaction with the homo-24-meric dihydrolipoyltransferase BCKDC E2 component, while exhibiting little potency against PDK2 (pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase isoform 2) or BDP (BCKD phosphatase) even at concentrations as high as 1 mM (<10% inhibition). Shown to effectively reduce E1-α Ser293 phosphorylation with concomitant BCKDC activity upregulation in multiple tissues in mice (EDmax =160 mg/kg via i.p.; 60 min) in vivo, resulting in significant downregulation of serum BCAA (branched-chain amino acid) Leu/Ile and Val levels. Pharmacokinetic studies reveal good stability in vitro (half-life = 3.1 h and 6.8 h using murine liver S9 preparation or murine hepatocytes, respectively) and low clearance in vivo (CL/F = 0.113 mL/min; 40 mg/kg i.p.), however the compound does not penetrate tissues efficiently (VZ/F = 20.8 mL; 40 mg/kg i.p.) and high dosages are recommended for mice treatment.
          FormClear, colorless oil
          Intert gas (Yes/No) Packaged under inert gas
          Chemical formulaC₉H₉ClO₂
          Structure formulaStructure formula
          Purity≥98% by HPLC
          SolubilityDMSO (100 mg/ml). Use only fresh DMSO for reconstitution.
          Storage -20°C
          Protect from moisture
          Protect from light
          Do Not Freeze Ok to freeze
          Special InstructionsFollowing reconstitution, aliquot and freeze (-20°C). Stock solutions are stable for up to 1 month at -20°C.
          Toxicity Standard Handling
          ReferencesTso, S.C., et al. 2013. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110, 9728.